Editorial Policy


International journal of Medicine and Biosciences (IJMB) publishes articles that are judged, after editorial review, to make a substantial contribution to the understanding of any area of bio-medical sciences. The following editorial and publishing policies apply to IJMB.


Authorship criteria

IJMB base their criteria for authorship on those outlined in the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). Uniform requirements for Manuscripts submitted to Biomedical Journals, which are excerpting below. The contributions of all authors must be described. Contributions that fall short of authorship should be mentioned in the Acknowledgments section of the paper.
Authorship credit should be based on
1. substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data;
2. drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and
3. final approval of the version to be published. Authors should meet conditions 1, 2, and 3.

When a large, multicenter group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship/contributorship defined above, and editors will ask these individuals to complete journal-specific author and conflict-of-interest disclosure forms. When submitting a manuscript authored by a group, the corresponding author should clearly indicate the preferred citation and identify all individual authors as well as the group name. Journals generally list other members of the group in the Acknowledgments. The NLM indexes the group name and the names of individuals the group has identified as being directly responsible for the manuscript; it also lists the names of collaborators if they are listed in Acknowledgments. Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship. All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship, and all those who qualify should be listed. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.


Corresponding Author

The corresponding author is fully responsible for communicating with the co-authors and Editorial board of IJMB. Before manuscript submission, the corresponding author ensures that all authors are included in the author list. If the manuscript is accepted by IJMB, the corresponding author will be communicated to review an edited manuscript and proof for making final decision to publish the article. The corresponding author is responsible for the precision of all content in the proof, especially the correct names of coauthors are present, and that communication addresses and affiliations are current. The corresponding author must sign and obtain signature from all co-authors in the Copyright Transfer Agreement form. The corresponding author must provide clear contact details including e-mail address for communication.


Changes in authorship

Any change in authors after initial submission of a manuscript to IJMB must be approved by all authors. This applies to additions, deletions and change of order to the authors or contributions being attributed differently. Any alterations to be made in authorship must be explained to the Editor. The Editor may contact any of the authors and/or contributors to ascertain whether they have agreed to any alteration.


Publication Charges

To provide open access, IJMB use a business model in which expenses - including those of peer review, journal production, and online hosting and archiving - are recovered in part by charging a journal-specific publication fee to the authors or research sponsors for each article they publish.


Editorial Review and Publication

Authors will be sent notifications of the receipt of manuscripts and editorial decisions by e-mail. During the review process, authors can check the status of their submitted manuscript via the online manuscript submission and review system.


Editorial and Peer Review

All submitted manuscripts are reviewed initially by IJMB editor. Manuscripts are evaluated according to the standard criteria of IJMB; material is original and timely, writing is clear, study methods are appropriate, data are valid, conclusions are reasonable and supported by the data, information is important, and topic has bio-medical interest. From these criteria, the editors appraise a paper's eligibility for publication. Manuscripts with inadequate priority for publication are rejected promptly. Other manuscripts are sent to expert consultants for peer review. Peer reviewer identities are kept confidential, but author identities are made known to reviewers. The existence of a manuscript under review is not revealed to anyone other than peer reviewers and editorial staff. Peer reviewers are required to maintain confidentiality about the manuscripts they review and must not reveal any information about a specific manuscript or its content to any third party without prior permission from the journal editors. Information from submitted manuscripts may be systematically collected and analyzed as part of research to improve the quality of the editorial or peer review process. Identifying information remains confidential.


Human Research Ethics

All research involving human subjects must have been approved by the authors' institutional review board or equivalent committee(s), and that board must be named in the manuscript. For research involving human participants, informed consent must have been obtained (or the reason for lack of consent explained- for example, that the data were analyzed anonymously) and all clinical investigation must have been conducted according to the principles expressed in the Declaration of Helsinki. Authors should be able to submit, upon request, a statement from the research ethics committee or institutional review board indicating approval of the research. IJMB editors also encourage authors to submit a patient consent form, and might require submission on particular occasions. In human subjects, manuscripts must be accompanied by a statement in the Materials and Methods must indicate the following things.
1. the experiments were carried out with the understanding and written consent of each subject;
2. methodologies for the study were conformed to the standards set by the Declaration of Helsinki; and
3. the study methodologies were approved by the local ethics committee.
The Editor reserves the right to reject a paper if there is doubt as to whether appropriate procedures have been used.


Animal Research Ethics

For research involving animals, all work must have been conducted according to applicable national and international guidelines. IJMB encourage all authors to comply with the 'Animal Research: Reporting In Vivo Experiments' (ARRIVE) guidelines, developed by NC3Rs to improve standards of reporting to ensure that the data from animal experiments can be fully scrutinized and utilized. Relevant information should be included in the appropriate section of the article (e.g. title, abstract, or method), as outlined in the ARRIVE guidelines. The ARRIVE guidelines can be applied to any area of bioscience research using laboratory animals. Where research could be confused as pertaining to human clinical research, the animal model should also be noted in the article title. Authors must provide evidence that they took adequate steps to ensure that animals did not suffer unnecessarily at any stage of an experiment, whether acute or chronic.


Recognition of Patients in Descriptions, Photographs and Videos

IJMB strictly instruct the authors to obtain statement of informed consent from the patients prior to publish their descriptions, photographs and videos. If the patient is a minor, please obtain a signed form from parents or legal guardians. Please print out the consent form, fill in the details about the article, and get signature from the patient or parents or guardians, then scan it and upload it to our online editorial office as a supplemental file to your article.


Conflicts of interest

A conflict of interest may exist when interpretation of the results or presentation of information may be influenced by your personal or financial relationship with other people or organizations. Examples of potential financial conflicts of interest include receipt of funding or salary from an organization that might gain or lose financially from publication of your paper, if you hold stocks or shares in such an organization or if you hold or are applying for a patent relating to the content of this manuscript. Examples of non-financial conflicts of interest might include political, religious or intellectual conflicts. Authors without conflicts of interest, including relevant financial interests, activities, relationships, and affiliations, should be mentioned in the Acknowledgment section of the manuscript. Failure to include this information in the manuscript may delay evaluation and review of the manuscript. Authors should err on the side of full disclosure and should contact the editorial office if they have questions or concerns.


Research Plagiarism

Plagiarism is the unauthorized reuse of content or ideas generated by another person. Plagiarism can occur without a breach of copyright, as it covers more than simple copying-and-pasting. By submitting an article, authors are thereby asserting that their work is entirely original and that others' work or text has been appropriately cited or attributed. Self-plagiarism (reusing one's own work) without citation is also unethical. Complaints of unethical behavior will be investigated by IJMB.


Figure Manipulation

Unacceptable manipulations include the addition, alteration or removal of a particular feature of an image, and splicing of multiple images to suggest they represent a single field in a micrograph or gel. If evidence of such inappropriate manipulation is detected, IJMB will ask for the original data to be supplied, and, if necessary, may revoke acceptance of the article.


Copyrights

Upon submission of an article, its authors are asked to sign copyright transfer agreement form prior to publication. Under the terms of this license, authors retain ownership of the copyright of their articles. However, the license permits any user to download, print out, reuse, archive, and distribute the article (not selling), so long as appropriate credit is given to the authors and source of the work. The license ensures that the authors' article will be available as widely as possible and that the article can be included in any scientific archive.


E-Prints

All authors who provide an e-mail address for publication will receive an electronic link that provides free online accesses to the PDF view of their article.


Reprints/Author copies

Original reprints would be issued based on Authors request. We use Acid Free Paper (poly coated paper) for printing original article. Printing charges for each page and postal charges would be collected from respective Authors.


Confidentiality

IJMB editors and reviewers keep maintaining confidentiality to all manuscripts submitted by authors


Referees

Authors are required to submit three potential Referees names, addresses and e-mail contacts. The Editors retain the sole right to decide whether or not suggested reviewers are used.



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