A chemical burn is a skin injury caused by exposure to an irritant. This can occur in a number of ways, including from chemical hair relaxers.
Chemical hair relaxers, also called hair relaxers, are a type of chemical product that is used to straighten and remove hair from your hair. These products are available over-the-counter (OTC) and can be found in different brands and formulations.
They are typically sold as shampoos, but they can also be sold as styling gels, mousse, or other types of hair products.
Hair relaxers contain a number of different ingredients, including alcohol, ammonia, glycolic acid, and other chemicals. When used improperly, they can cause burns to your skin.
How to tell if you have a chemical burn?
Chemical burns usually form red, irritated, and swollen skin.
The skin may also be red and scaly, and you may have other symptoms, such as:
In some cases, a chemical burn can cause an infection, such as:
- Folliculitis decalvans
- Folliculitis decalvans with folliculitis decalvans
How to get rid of a chemical burn?
If you have a chemical burn, you should see a doctor. They can prescribe medication or recommend other methods to help you heal.
You can reduce your risk for infection by cleaning the affected area properly and frequently. This usually involves washing the scab and remaining skin with soap and water.
While cleaning the affected area, avoid using any harsh soaps or cleansers. This includes harsh detergents, shampoos, or cleansers.
You should also avoid getting the skin wet or getting it scratched. This can spread the infection.
Other ways to prevent infection include:
- Wearing loose, breathable clothing
- Applying a cool compress to the area
- Keeping the area clean and covered
You can also avoid using harsh chemicals and reduce your risk for skin irritation or burns if you:
- Use hair products that don’t contain ammonia, glycolic acid, or alcohol
- Avoid alcohol-containing shampoos and conditioners, which may contain ammonia
- Apply hair products only to the ends of your hair
- Apply hair products at the roots of your hair
- Avoid using a product that contains ammonia, alcohol, or glycolic acid for a period of time
You can also prevent chemical burns by following these tips:
- Avoid getting the skin wet.
Rinse the skin gently with warm water after washing the hair with it.
- Avoid getting the skin wet or getting it scratched.
This can spread the bacteria that causes infection.
- Avoid using harsh soaps or cleansers.
Avoid using harsh detergents, shampoos, or cleansers.
- Keep the skin clean and covered.
This helps prevent the skin from drying out and allowing bacteria to grow.
- Don’t put the skin under direct sunlight.
This can damage the skin and increase your risk of infection.
Treating chemical burns
Treatment for chemical burns depends on the type of burn and where it occurred. If the burn is mild, you may only need to apply an antibiotic ointment.
Severe chemical burns can be treated with:
- Antibiotics: If your burn is minor, you may only need to apply an antibiotic ointment.
- Compress: Using a mild, cold compress can help reduce the swelling in your skin.
- Antibiotic ointment: If you have more severe burns, you may need to use an antibiotic ointment to speed your recovery.
- Steroid cream: If you have a deeper burn, you may need to apply steroid cream to reduce the burning sensation.
It’s important to follow the instructions on the package of your medication. You may also need to take oral antibiotics for a short period of time.
Chemical burns from hair relaxer exposure
Using a hair relaxer without washing your hands properly can leave your skin exposed to bacteria. This can cause a chemical burn and an infection.
It’s important to wash your hands thoroughly after using a hair relaxer to reduce your risk of infection.
You can reduce your risk for infection by:
Using a hair product that doesn’t contain ammonia, glycolic acid, or alcohol.
Avoiding alcohol-containing shampoos and conditioners, which may contain ammonia.
Applying hair products only to the ends of your hair.
Applying hair products at the roots of your hair.
Avoid using a product that contains ammonia, alcohol, or glycolic acid for a period of time.
Using a product that doesn’t contain ammonia, alcohol, or glycolic acid.
Avoid getting the skin wet or getting it scratched, which can spread the infection.
Other tips for a chemical burn
In some cases, a chemical burn may not require medical treatment. These tips can help you minimize your risk of infection and reduce the severity of your injury.
- Wash the skin gently with soap and water.
- Avoid getting the area wet.
- Don’t scratch the skin.
- Don’t get the skin under direct sunlight.
- Keep the skin clean and covered with a clean, dry bandage.
It’s important to follow the instructions on the package of your medication. You may also need to take oral medications to reduce pain and swelling.
You should also avoid using a product that contains ammonia, alcohol, or glycolic acid for a period of time.
What causes chemical burns?
Chemical burns occur when you use a product that contains chemicals, such as hair relaxers, and then get the skin wet. These products can cause skin irritation and burns.
These products may contain ammonia, alcohol, or glycolic acid, which can irritate the skin and cause chemical burns.
Risk factors for chemical burns
Risk factors for developing a chemical burn may include:
- Using the product in an area without washing your hands.
- Using the product on your face.
A chemical burn is when a hair relaxer product that contains a chemical burns your skin. The rash can be itchy and cause blisters. It can also cause a fever and muscle aches.
You may want to avoid products that contain:
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