If you have a catheter that you inserted yourself, you can get an IV in the same way. First, get a nurse or doctor to help you position your arm on the table. Once in position, have your nurse or doctor place an IV line in your arm.
You shouldn’t have to hold the IV line in. Many people have an IV catheter with a small plastic bag on the end to squeeze for the blood sample. The nurse or doctor can help you position the bag at the end of the IV line.
Once you have the IV, a nurse or doctor can help you get the IV into your bladder.
What to expect?
Your doctor or nurse will explain what you can expect from the test. Your doctor will take a blood sample from your arm with a small needle. They will also ask you to fill out a questionnaire about your health.
What happens after the test?
After the test
You can go home after the test. You may feel some pain, but this should go away once the pain medication is gone. You should keep the IV site clean and dry and avoid using any lotions or other products on your skin.
You can resume your normal diet and activities as soon as the nurse or doctor has you sit down and tell you it’s OK to do so.
After the test, your doctor will send the lab report to you. This usually takes about 2 weeks.
The amount of hemoglobin in your blood sample can give your doctor information about your anemia.
What can I do with the test results?
You can ask your doctor about the test results. If your doctor says anemia is present, you should know that this can be treated.
How to prevent anemia?
You can help prevent anemia by following these tips:
- Eat a healthy diet.
- Stay active.
- Maintain a healthy weight, at least within your target weight range.
- Take any supplements that your doctor recommends.
- Get the recommended amount of sleep.
- Drink water to stay hydrated.
- Avoid smoking, drinking alcohol, and eating foods with high levels of salt.
- Follow a healthy lifestyle and quit smoking if you smoke.
- Get a screening test to check your blood sugar levels.
- Get regular check-ups with your doctor.
- Stay away from excessive alcohol consumption.
- Get an annual check-up with your doctor.
- Talk to your doctor about your health.
Key points about anemia
Anemia is a blood disorder in which red blood cells are under-dense. This means that they are unable to carry oxygen to the body’s tissues and organs as well as they should. This can lead to anemia of the heart, which is called anemia of chronic disease.
There are three types of anemia: iron deficiency, vitamin B-12 deficiency, and folate deficiency. Iron deficiency anemia is the most common type. It occurs when your body is not getting enough iron. Iron is a nutrient that is important for red blood cell production.
Vitamin B-12 deficiency anemia occurs when you don’t have enough vitamin B-12. Vitamin B-12 is important for the production and function of red blood cells. Folate deficiency anemia occurs when you don’t have enough folate. Folate is a B vitamin that is important for red blood cell production and metabolism.
Treatment for anemia depends on the type of anemia. Treatment options may include:
- Iron supplements
- Vitamin B-12 supplements
- Folate supplements
- Folic acid supplements
- Blood transfusions
- Drugs to replace certain vitamins, such as folic acid
What is the outlook for someone with anemia?
Anemia can be a long-term condition and can lead to other health problems. It can also be a sign of other health problems, such as a blood clot, heart attack, or stroke.
In general, the sooner you treat anemia, the better your outlook will be. You should see your doctor for an annual check-up. Talk to your doctor if you have any concerns about your health.
How to find a doctor?
If you have concerns about your anemia, it’s important to see your doctor. Your doctor can order the test that will tell you if you have anemia.
If you have symptoms of anemia, such as fatigue, shortness of breath, or an unexplained weight loss, it’s important to talk to your doctor. They can give you a physical exam and order the appropriate tests for anemia.
Many doctors are trained to test for anemia. However, not all doctors are trained to diagnose anemia and not all doctors have the equipment to do the testing. To find a doctor in your area, call the American Academy of Family Physicians at 1800ACFREEP (18002466767), the American College of Physicians at 8006247873, or the American Academy of Family Physicians at 8002224669.
The information on the PCP Connection website is provided for general information only. It is not intended to provide medical advice or to establish a patient-physician relationship. PCP Connection is not liable for any loss or injury resulting from your use of our website.
PCP Connection is a private organization and is not associated with any medical school or institution.
The PCP Connection website contains articles and information copyrighted by PCP Connection or other organizations. All rights reserved.
Medical treatment for anemia
Treatment options depend on the type of anemia that you have. Your doctor can help you decide which treatment is best. Your doctor may also refer you to a hematologist, who is a doctor who specializes in diseases and conditions of the blood.
Sometimes, iron supplements are the first step. When people with anemia do not get enough iron, their red blood cell count can decrease. Iron supplements can cause side effects, such as nausea and vomiting, stomach upset, and diarrhea.
Vitamin B-12 supplements
Sometimes, vitamin B-12 supplements are the first step. When people with anemia do not get enough vitamin B-12, their red blood cell count can decrease. Vitamin B-12 supplements can cause side effects, such as nausea and vomiting, stomach upset, and diarrhea.
Sometimes, folate supplements are the first step. When people with anemia do not get enough folate, their red blood cell count can decrease. Folate supplements can cause side effects, such as mouth and tongue ulcers, nausea, and vomiting.
Folic acid supplements
Sometimes, folic acid supplements are the first step. When people with anemia do not get enough folate, their red blood cell count can decrease. Folic acid supplements can cause side effects, such as mouth and tongue ulcers, nausea, and vomiting.
Sometimes, a blood transfusion is the first step. Blood transfusions can cause iron overload, which can damage your liver and kidneys. If you have anemia and are receiving a blood transfusion, you may need to be closely monitored by a hematologist who specializes in blood disorders.
Drugs to replace certain vitamins, such as folic acid
If you have anemia and are not getting the vitamins you need from food, you may need to take folic acid supplements.
What causes anemia?
Anemia can be caused by a number of factors. Some of the most common causes of anemia include:
- Iron deficiency anemia
Iron is an important nutrient that helps keep your body healthy and strong. You need iron when you are growing or when you are pregnant. You also need iron to make red blood cells.
Iron deficiency anemia can be the result of not eating enough iron-containing foods, such as red meat and fish. In some people, iron deficiency anemia can be caused by a problem with the absorption of iron in the intestines.
Other causes of iron deficiency anemia include:
- Having conditions that damage your body’s ability to absorb iron, such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis
- Having the autoimmune disease rheumatoid arthritis
- Having inflammatory bowel disease, such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease
- Having an eating disorder, such as anorexia
- Having kidney problems that affect the way your body absorbs iron
- Having blood conditions that prevent your body from getting enough iron, such as sickle cell anemia
- Having liver problems that prevent your body from getting enough iron, such as cystic fibrosis
- Having thalassemia, a blood disorder that causes your body to not make enough of the red blood cells that carry oxygen to your body
- Having a tumor, such as leukemia
When you have anemia, your body does not make enough red blood cells. This lack of red blood cells can cause your:
- Shortness of breath
If you are having trouble with your iron deficiency anemia, you may want to discuss your treatment options with your doctor.
Anemia is a condition that happens when you don’t have enough red blood cells to carry oxygen to your organs. Anemia can cause fatigue, weakness, and shortness of breath.
Anemia can also cause a low blood pressure, which can lead to heart problems.
Images by Freepik
Generated by AI