Tourette syndrome is another condition that causes involuntary movements. It’s also a neurological disorder. The condition causes uncontrollable, repetitive movements that may occur in the head, neck, face, and voice.
The hiccups can be a symptom of Tourette syndrome.
Hyperventilation is a condition that causes your body to breathe faster than usual.
It usually happens with anxiety or other stress. It can be a symptom of anxiety, panic disorder, and other conditions.
Hyperventilation can also be a symptom of a serious condition called hyperventilation syndrome.
Hyperventilation syndrome is a rare condition that causes breathing to become faster than normal. It can be a symptom of:
- Heart failure
- Liver disease
- Kidney failure
- Lung disease
- Low blood oxygen levels
It’s often a symptom of a serious condition and can be life-threatening.
Babies can also have hiccups. In some cases, hiccups are a symptom of a serious condition. It’s important to treat hiccups in babies promptly.
Hiccups in babies can be a sign of several conditions.
It’s important to treat hiccups in babies promptly. If your baby has hiccups, seek medical attention.
Signs that your baby has hiccups include:
- An abnormal increase in the volume of their breath
- A sudden burst of air
- An increased heart rate
- A sudden change in voice
- A change in voice quality
- An unusual, rapid blinking
- An inability to control the flow of air
- A change in the color of mucus
If you notice these signs, call your baby’s pediatrician. They may need to conduct a physical exam and order tests.
If your baby has hiccups, they may need to be monitored for a few days.
In people with a mental health condition
Hiccups are common in people with a mental health condition.
Hiccups may be a symptom of a condition such as:
- Anxiety disorders
If you or someone you know has hiccups, it’s important to talk to a doctor. They may need to conduct a physical exam and order tests.
If you have hiccups, it’s important to treat them.
Signs that you may have hiccups include:
- An unusual change in the way you breathe
- A rapid change in your breathing
- An abnormal increase in your chest volume
- A sudden change in your voice
- An inability to speak
- An increase in your heart rate
- A change in the blood pressure
If you have these symptoms, you should get medical attention.
Diet can affect hiccups.
A high-carbohydrate diet may help reduce the frequency of hiccups.
In a study of 18 people with hiccups, researchers observed an increase in the frequency of their hiccups after they followed a high-carbohydrate diet.
In a study of 12 people with hiccups, researchers observed an increase in the frequency of their hiccups after they followed a low-carbohydrate diet.
However, researchers don’t know for sure what causes this.
Diet changes may not be enough to control hiccups.
Certain foods may aggravate hiccups.
For example, eating foods that are high in fat or sodium may make hiccups worse.
It’s important to try to avoid foods that may aggravate your hiccups. You should also try to eat small, frequent meals.
Certain drugs may help with hiccups.
For example, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may help with hiccups.
However, it’s important to talk with your doctor before you use NSAIDs to treat hiccups.
You should also talk with your doctor before taking any other medication.
Medications to help with hiccups include:
- Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
- Propranolol (Inderal)
- Hydrocodone (Lortab)
People who take high doses of ibuprofen (Motrin) or aspirin may have a higher risk of developing heart rhythm problems and a stroke.
Talk with your doctor before taking these medications.
If you have hiccups, it may help to exercise.
Exercises that may help include:
- Pursed-lip breathing
- The body scan
- The deep breathing exercise
- The walking exercise
If you have hiccups, it may help to avoid any activities that increase your level of stress.
How to treat hiccups?
The main goal of treating hiccups is to prevent them from happening again.
To prevent hiccups in the future, try to:
- Follow all of the instructions your child’s doctor gives you about what to do if your child has hiccups.
- Get regular exercise.
- Eat small meals.
- Eat foods that contain less salt.
- Avoid foods that aggravate hiccups.
- Avoid alcohol.
- Avoid smoking.
- Avoid caffeine.
- Avoid overuse of sedatives.
- Avoid prescription medications that can cause hiccups.
You may need to try different methods to help control your hiccups.
For example, if your doctor prescribes a medication, you may need to try other medications or alternative treatments.
What are the complications of hiccups?
Hiccups can cause a number of complications.
These complications are often the result of:
- The underlying condition that’s causing hiccups.
- How you’re taking the medication that’s causing hiccups.
- Hiccups that are caused by a reaction to the medication.
These complications can be serious. You should call your doctor if you experience any of these symptoms:
- Difficulty speaking
- Trouble moving
- A change to the color of mucus
- A change to the color of your stool
What are the risk factors for hiccups?
Certain things can make hiccups more likely to occur.
- Certain medicines.
- Caffeine or alcohol.
- Certain food.
- Certain medical conditions.
Having a pet can increase your risk of hiccups.
You may be more likely to develop hiccups if you:
- Have a family history of hiccups.
- Have a genetic disorder that affects the muscles in your throat.
The bottom line
Hiccups can be a sign of a serious condition. They can also be a symptom of another condition.
Hiccups can be treated.
If you’re experiencing hiccups and your doctor prescribes a medication, you may need to try other medications or alternative treatments.
If your hiccups are caused by a medical condition, you should be able to treat them.
You should also talk with your doctor if you experience any of these symptoms:
- Your doctor can help you manage hiccups.
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