If your nosebleed is caused by trauma, it will likely be more severe. If you’ve had a nosebleed for an extended period of time, you may have developed a chronic nosebleed. This means that you’ve had a nosebleed more than two times in the past year.
Seek medical attention if you experience:
- Persistent nosebleeds
- Blood in your vomit
- Persistent vomiting
- Bleeding from your gums
- Severe dizziness
If you have an underlying medical condition that’s causing your nosebleeds, seek medical attention right away. Some of the conditions that could lead to nosebleeds include:
- A blood clot in your nose
- A blood clot in your brain
- A bleeding disorder
- A bleeding or blood vessel condition
- A nose injury
- A nose obstruction
How to treat a nosebleed?
There are a few ways you can treat a nosebleed at home:
- Use an OTC cold or allergy medication. Cold and allergy medications can help stop your nose from bleeding.
- Apply pressure to the area of your nose that’s bleeding. Make sure you use a cotton ball to apply pressure to the area for at least 15 to 20 minutes.
- Use a cold compress or ice pack to ease the pain and reduce swelling.
If your nosebleed is caused by a blood clot, your doctor may prescribe medication. They may recommend anticoagulants or antiplatelet medications.
If your nosebleed is caused by an injury, your doctor may recommend that you apply a cold compress to your nose first. Then they may recommend splinting your nose to stop the bleeding.
Your doctor may also prescribe antibiotics to treat your infection.
You should also avoid aspirin and other blood-thinning medications.
Should you see a doctor?
Nosebleeds require medical attention. If you experience the following, you should consult a doctor:
- You have a bleeding disorder, such as hemophilia.
- You have a bleeding or blood vessel condition.
- The blood is coming from your nose.
- Your nose is bleeding for more than two days.
- Your nose is bleeding nonstop.
- You’re experiencing dizziness.
- You’re experiencing vision changes, such as blurred vision.
- You’re experiencing weakness.
- You have a chronic nosebleed.
- You’ve had a nosebleed for longer than two days.
How long does a nosebleed last?
A nosebleed can last anywhere from a few minutes to a few hours. It’s hard to predict how long a nosebleed will last, but some nosebleeds last a few minutes, while others can last for hours.
In general, you should avoid:
- Nose picking
- Nose blowing
- Using a straw
- Gargling with salt water
- Using an ice cube
You can treat a nosebleed at home by:
- Applying pressure to the area of your nose that’s bleeding.
- Using a cold compress or ice pack to ease the pain and reduce swelling.
You should seek medical attention immediately if your nosebleed follows an injury or if you experience the following:
- Redness and swelling
- Chest pain
- Difficulty breathing
If you’ve had a nosebleed for more than two days, contact your doctor. They may recommend:
- An antibiotic treatment to help treat your infection.
- A blood thinner to help prevent blood clots.
- An anticoagulant to help treat your blood clot.
- A blood pressure medication to help treat your high blood pressure.
How to prevent a nosebleed?
You can prevent nosebleeds by:
- Taking OTC allergy and cold medications.
- Avoiding nose picking.
- Avoiding blowing your nose.
- Avoiding using a straw.
- Avoiding using salt water to gargle.
When to see a doctor?
See your doctor if your nosebleed is caused by:
- An injury to your nose.
- An infection.
These are the most common causes of nosebleeds.
What is the long-term outlook?
In most cases, a nosebleed will improve on its own. It may take several days for the bleeding to stop.
If you’re experiencing symptoms that last more than two days, seek medical attention.
You should also seek medical attention if you’re experiencing:
- A persistent nosebleed
- Blood in your urine
- Blood in your stool
- Persistent nausea
- Persistent headache
- Difficulty swallowing
- A persistent fever
- Difficulty walking
- Persistent vision changes
What is the treatment for nosebleeds?
If you have a nosebleed, apply cold compress to your face, neck, and upper chest. You can also use an ice pack wrapped in a towel. This will help reduce swelling and ease the pain.
If your blood clot is the cause of your nosebleed, you may need to take anticoagulant medication. You may be prescribed an oral or intravenous anticoagulant.
Your doctor may also prescribe:
- Blood thinners
- Pain relievers
- Steroid medications
It’s important to follow all of your doctor’s instructions. This can help prevent another nosebleed.
If your nosebleed continues to occur after a few days of treatment, you may require surgery.
Surgery is usually recommended if your nosebleed is caused by:
- A blood clot
- A bleeding or blood vessel disorder
Surgery is also an option if your nosebleed is persistent.
The type of surgery you need depends on the cause of your nosebleed.
Nose surgery is usually an outpatient procedure. The surgeon performs the surgery in a hospital. The procedure can take several hours.
If you need surgery, you may need to take antibiotics before your procedure. You may also need to take pain relievers for the first 24 hours after the procedure.
Your outlook depends on the cause of your nosebleed. If you don’t have an underlying condition that’s causing your nosebleed, you can typically treat it at home.
However, if you have an underlying condition that’s causing your nosebleed, you should see your doctor right away. They can prescribe you the proper medication or perform any necessary tests.
If you have a chronic nosebleed, you should see your doctor once a year for follow-up appointments.
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