Bread with low gluten or lactose content isn’t likely to cause acid reflux.
Low-fat, low-sodium, low-sugar, or whole-wheat bread can be eaten in moderation without causing symptoms.
Be careful when eating processed or packaged foods.
They tend to have a high glycemic index and are high in refined carbohydrates.
Refined carbohydrates cause the release of the hormone gastric acid. This can produce a feeling of burning in the upper intestines.
Refined carbohydrates and high-fiber foods can also cause a feeling of bloating.
A 2015 study found that a diet high in refined carbohydrates and low in fiber caused a higher chance of heartburn and reflux symptoms.
Try replacing your carbohydrates with leafy greens, which are low in carbohydrates.
Some examples of leafy greens are:
- Swiss chard
- Collard greens
- Turnip greens
- Swiss mustard
- Swiss cheese
If you can’t find leafy greens, you can also eat:
- Brussels sprouts
- White bread
- White rice
- White pasta
These foods can cause symptoms of heartburn and acid reflux.
A diet high in refined carbohydrates can also lead to weight gain. This is due to the release of a hormone called insulin.
This hormone works to store calories.
When you eat less, your body releases insulin, causing weight loss.
You can lose weight without making any changes to your diet.
Focus on eating whole foods, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
They don’t contain carbohydrates.
If you’re looking to lose weight, try a low-carbohydrate diet for a few weeks.
This can help your body get back into balance.
How to treat the symptoms of a heartburn attack?
When symptoms of a heartburn attack are mild, you can treat them at home.
First, try to move your body as little as possible.
If you already have a pacemaker, you should be careful when walking, climbing stairs, and bending over.
You should also avoid drinking alcohol or eating large meals.
Next, try to avoid foods that cause heartburn.
Here’s a list of foods that can make heartburn worse:
- Tomato-based foods
- Spicy foods
- Spicy sauces
- Tomato-based salad dressings
- Spicy meats
If eating these foods makes your symptoms worse, try to avoid them.
You can also try some over-the-counter (OTC) medications. These medications may help reduce heartburn and acid reflux symptoms.
Here are some examples:
- H2 receptor blockers
- Proton pump inhibitors
OTC medications can be:
- Available over-the-counter
If OTC medications don’t relieve your symptoms, talk to your doctor.
You may need to make other changes to your diet. They may include:
- Increasing your water intake
- Eating small meals more often
- Eating smaller meals
- Eating more slowly
- Avoiding certain foods
- Avoiding spicy foods
- Avoiding foods that cause heartburn
You can also try these lifestyle changes:
- Avoid foods that cause heartburn
- Try to move your body less
- Rest after eating
- Avoid alcohol or spicy foods
- Limit your salt intake
When to see your doctor?
Heartburn can be a sign of a heart attack.
See your doctor if you experience:
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
- Pain when you cough or laugh
How can I prevent heartburn?
Here are some strategies that you can try to prevent heartburn:
- Eat smaller meals more often.
- Avoid foods that cause heartburn.
- Eat slowly.
- Sit down after eating.
- Eat high-fiber foods, such as fruits, or whole grains.
- Drink water to help prevent heartburn.
- Avoid alcohol.
- Avoid spicy foods.
- Avoid foods with a high glycemic index.
- Avoid foods with a low glycemic index.
- Avoid citrus fruits.
- Avoid fried or fatty foods.
Take care of your heartburn at home.
Try to avoid foods and drinks that make heartburn worse.
When you eat, do it slowly and mindfully.
When you eat, try to eat with your fork facing you.
Take your time when eating.
Take your time when you make your dinner.
Take your time when you eat your dinner.
If you can, try to avoid foods or drinks that make your symptoms worse.
Remember, you can’t control what happens to you outside of your body.
Take care of yourself at home.
Try to avoid foods and drinks that cause your symptoms to get worse.
You can also take care of your heartburn at home.
Here are some tips:
- Stay hydrated.
- Avoid large meals.
- Avoid foods and drinks that cause heartburn.
- Avoid eating if your stomach is upset.
- Sit down after you eat.
- Avoid foods or drinks that make your symptoms get worse.
- Eat small meals more often.
- Avoid or limit alcohol.
- Avoid or limit spicy foods.
- Avoid or limit foods that cause heartburn.
- Drink water after meals.
Is there a connection between heartburn and GERD?
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition that can cause heartburn.
It can be caused by:
- Hiatal hernia
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
- Acid reflux
GERD can also be a symptom of other conditions, such as:
- Narrowing of the esophagus
- Pyloric stenosis
- Celiac disease
The symptoms of GERD include:
- Difficulty swallowing
- Regurgitation of food
The symptoms of GERD may be worse in the morning.
In some cases, GERD symptoms may be so bad that you can’t eat or drink.
Heartburn is also sometimes called acid reflux.
Heart burn is a common condition. It can be a symptom of a heart attack or other health problem.
Heart burn is often not a cause for concern. It is a symptom that can be treated at home.
However, heart burn symptoms need to be evaluated by your doctor.
If heart burn is a symptom of a heart attack, your doctor will ask you to:
- Stop eating and drinking as much as possible.
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