Gram flour is a mixture of starch, protein, and fat. While its protein content is typically low, it’s high in fat. The fat content of gram flour is about 60 percent, which means that 70 percent of the flour is starch, 30 percent is protein, and 10 percent is fat.
In the United States, gram flour is made from corn and is highly processed. It’s used in many baked goods, such as cereals and cookies.
But gram flour isn’t the only flour that can cause an allergic reaction. Other types of flour can also cause an allergic reaction.
Flour is a carbohydrate, which is a type of sugar. Carbohydrates can trigger allergic reactions in some people. They’re often found in foods that are high in fat, such as baked goods.
If you’re allergic to starch, you might also be allergic to other types of carbohydrate.
Gram flour is a starch. It’s the main ingredient in most types of flour.
If you’re allergic to starch, you’ll likely be allergic to all types of starch, not just gram flour.
Flour allergies can be either local or systemic.
Systemic allergies are more common and usually more serious.
Systemic allergies can be caused by:
- Eating certain foods
- Having food allergies
- Having an allergic reaction to a medication
- Having an allergic reaction to something in the environment
Local allergies are more common and can happen anywhere on the body.
Local allergies can be triggered by:
- Breathing in dust
- Coming into contact with an allergen
Local allergies usually cause a mild reaction. Symptoms include:
- Skin rashes
Allergic reactions are more severe than a mild reaction. They can be more severe than a food allergy.
Allergic reactions can happen anywhere on the body.
Symptoms of allergic reactions can include:
- Swollen skin
- Holes or ulcers in the skin
- Breathing problems
- Difficulty swallowing
- Excessive gas
Allergic reactions can be caused by:
- Things you’re allergic to
- Allergens in the environment
- Food and food additives
- Insect stings
- Other health conditions
Allergic reactions can cause the following symptoms:
Allergic reactions can cause a red or swollen skin rash. Symptoms can include:
- Dry, cracked, or scaly skin
- Skin lesions
- Cracked skin
What causes food allergies?
Allergic reactions are caused when your immune system reacts to something you’re allergic to.
The immune system uses your nervous system to help it identify and remove foreign substances.
When your immune system identifies a foreign substance as a threat, it releases chemicals called histamines.
These histamines cause symptoms of allergy.
Allergies can be caused by:
- Food: Allergy to eggs, milk, and wheat are the most common food allergies
- Medications: Allergy to antibiotics and other medications that prevent the body from making antibodies can cause allergic reactions
- Insect stings or bites: These can trigger allergic reactions
- Allergens in the environment: They can trigger allergic reactions
- Mold: This can cause allergic reactions
- Dust mites: These are known to cause allergic reactions
- Plants: These can also cause allergic reactions
Are peanut butter and peanut allergies the same?
Peanut allergies are known as a peanut allergy. Peanut is the scientific name for the fruit of a legume called the peanut.
Peanut allergies are the most common food allergy in the United States. About 1.5 percent of people have a peanut allergy, and it’s twice as common in children as adults.
Peanut allergies are more common in people who have a family history of the condition.
Food allergies can also be caused by:
- Food intolerance
- Food sensitivities
Food intolerance is the term for when your body has a difficult time digesting something. This can make it harder for your body to process certain foods.
Food allergies and food intolerances are two types of food allergies.
Food sensitivities are the term for when your body reacts to a common food by having a difficult time digesting it.
Food intolerances and food sensitivities are two types of food allergies.
What are the symptoms of a food allergy?
Allergic reactions cause symptoms such as:
- Anaphylaxis, which is a severe reaction that can be life threatening
- Difficulty breathing
- Swelling of the throat and tongue
- It’s possible to have more than one symptom
Symptoms of anaphylaxis
If you have an anaphylactic reaction, you’ll likely experience symptoms that include:
- Tightness in the throat
- Trouble breathing
- Swelling in the throat and face
If you have an anaphylactic reaction, you’ll be hospitalized.
Symptoms of anaphylaxis include:
- Abrupt loss of consciousness
- Severe allergic reaction
- A rash, which may include hives and blisters
- Sudden, severe weakness
Symptoms of anaphylaxis may look like other health conditions. Always see your healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
What are the complications of a food allergy?
Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening allergic reaction.
It can be life-threatening. Anaphylaxis is a medical emergency.
If you have a reaction to a food, you can develop a severe allergic reaction called anaphylaxis. This is a medical emergency.
Anaphylaxis can be life-threatening.
There are some risk factors that can increase your risk of developing anaphylaxis. These include:
- Age. Older adults are at higher risk of anaphylaxis.
- Family history. You’re more likely to develop anaphylaxis if one of your parents or siblings has anaphylaxis.
- Severity of reaction. The more severe your reaction, the higher your risk.
- Your body’s reactions to the food. Your immune system may react to the food in a more extreme way.
If you have anaphylaxis, you’ll be hospitalized.
You’ll be monitored for a few hours after the reaction. You may be given epinephrine (adrenaline) through an injection through your vein.
You may also be given corticosteroids to help reduce swelling.
You may have a rash, and your throat, mouth, and eyes may be swollen.
Food allergies can cause:
- Allergic reactions that are severe
- Allergy-related asthma
- Allergy-related eczema
- Allergy-related hives
- Anaphylaxis-related deaths
- Allergic shock
How is a food allergy diagnosed?
Your healthcare provider will ask about your symptoms and medical history. They will also ask about any food allergies you may have.
Your healthcare provider may perform a physical exam and perform allergy skin testing. This is an allergy test that involves pricking your skin with a small amount of the suspected allergen.
This can help you determine which foods you may be allergic to.
Food allergy testing may be useful in the diagnosis of many of the conditions that cause similar symptoms.
How is a food allergy treated?
For some people, removing the allergen from their diet may be all that’s needed to manage their symptoms. However, this is not a common treatment.
Your healthcare provider may advise you to avoid the allergen for a period of time.
If you’re a teenager, you may not be able to avoid the allergen completely. If you’re older, talk with your healthcare provider to see how long you can live without the allergen.
You may also be advised to avoid the allergen to prevent an allergic reaction. For example, if you’ve had an anaphylactic reaction in the past, they may advise you to avoid the allergen.
If you’re allergic to pollen, you may be advised to avoid all types of pollen.
You may also be advised to avoid all known sources of mold and dust mites.
You may also want to avoid foods that contain the allergen. This is called avoidance.
If you’re being treated for a severe reaction, you may be advised to receive an epinephrine auto-injector. This is a device that you can control.
How can I prevent a food allergy?
If you think you may be allergic to a food, you can’t prevent allergies. However, you can try to reduce your risk of severe reactions.
You can help reduce your risk of an allergic reaction by:
- Avoiding the food you think you’re allergic to.
- Avoiding a food that has caused you to have an allergic reaction.
- Avoiding allergen-containing foods.
If you know you have a food allergy, you can talk with your healthcare provider about what you can do to prevent an allergic reaction.
Prevention is better than treatment.
If you’re having symptoms, such as an allergic reaction or asthma symptoms, see your healthcare provider right away.
A healthcare provider can help you with a diagnosis and treatment plan. It’s important to see a healthcare provider as soon as possible if you think you’re having a severe allergic reaction.
You can get support in finding the right healthcare professional for you at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Allergy & Asthma Learning Center.
What is the long-term outlook for someone with a food allergy?
The outlook for someone with food allergies depends on how severe the reaction is and how well they respond to treatment.
Anaphylaxis can be life-threatening. Anaphylaxis can sometimes lead to death.
If you’re having an anaphylactic reaction, seek emergency medical care. This can be life-threatening.
If you don’t have anaphylaxis, but you have symptoms of the reaction, see a healthcare provider.
You may need to be monitored for a few hours after the reaction. Your healthcare provider may also recommend epinephrine injection.
What are possible complications of a food allergy?
If you’re diagnosed with a food allergy, your healthcare provider will work with you to create a treatment plan.
This plan may include:
- Avoiding the food you think you’re allergic to for a period of time.
- Avoiding the food you think you’re allergic to more frequently.
Food allergies can be life-threatening. Talk to your healthcare provider if you think you have an allergy.
If you suspect you have a food allergy, go to the ER right away. This can help prevent anaphylaxis.
Healthcare providers are available to help you find the right healthcare provider for you
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