In most cases, the body is producing more urine than it can expel in a day and this excess is often referred to as the ‘water diuresis’ which is a normal process. However, in some people, this normal process is exaggerated, leading to kidney stones.
The kidneys produce urine in response to the rate at which the body is losing water through urine production. When the body is losing water rapidly, it will excrete more urine than the body can produce and this excess is known as the ‘diuresis’.
As the kidneys cannot keep up with the water loss, a large amount of urine is lost and this results in increased urine volume and increased urine concentration. This extra flow of urine can lead to urine becoming concentrated in the kidneys and in some cases the kidneys may not be able to retain the water. This is known as the kidney stones.
The increased urine volume and concentration of urine causes urinary inflammation (cystitis) and excess deposits of salt and fluid in the kidneys. Thereby, the kidney stones are formed and they can further cause kidney damage.
The effect of cabin pressure on kidney stones
Cabin pressure is the atmospheric pressure at the ground (sea level) and it affects the amount of water vapour in the air. As the cabin pressure increases, the amount of water vapour in the air increases, leading to the production of more urine by the kidneys.
The increased urine volume and urine concentration also increases the production of urine by the kidneys. In response to this extra flow of urine, the body will excrete more urine than it can produce, resulting in the increased production of urine. This extra fluid production and increased urine production can cause the kidneys to become swollen and this can lead to the formation of kidney stones.
When the cabin pressure is too high, this excess fluid can build up in the cabin and cabin pressure will need to be decreased so that the excess fluid can be released. This will cause an increase in cabin pressure and the amount of urine will decrease. The cabin pressure will then need to be increased again to allow the excess fluid to be released. This cycle will continue until the excess fluid is released and the cabin pressure will then be reduced once again.
When the cabin pressure is too low, the excess fluid will remain in the cabin and this will increase cabin pressure and the amount of urine will increase.
Are cabins to blame for kidney stones?
No, the root cause of kidney stones is the excess fluid accumulation in the kidneys. The excess fluid can only be removed by releasing the excess fluid from the kidneys. This is not a cabins problem.
What are the symptoms of kidney stones?
The kidney stones can be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a pea. Small kidney stones don’t cause any symptoms so they are often found accidentally.
The symptoms of a kidney stone are:
- An urgent need to urinate
- Pain in the back or side
- Stools that look like a large stone
- Blood in the urine
What are the causes of kidney stones?
There are three main causes of kidney stones:
- The kidney producing too much urine
- The body not having enough urine to excrete
- The kidney becoming swollen and inflamed
The first two causes are due to an increase in kidney production of urine. The first cause is the most common and the most important. The increased urine production results in an increased flow of urine and the increased urine flow results in increased urine concentration and excess water loss. This excess water loss causes the kidney to lose water and this excess water loss results in the formation of kidney stones.
The third cause is due to the kidney being swollen and inflamed. This is the most common cause of kidney stones and it happens when there is a sudden increase in blood flow to the kidneys. This may happen if the blood flow to the kidneys is reduced due to blood loss, which can happen during surgery.
How can I prevent kidney stones?
The most important way to prevent kidney stones is to keep the water content of the urine at a minimum. This can be achieved by drinking plenty of water and by making the urine as light as possible.
The second most important way to prevent kidney stones is to keep the urine as concentrated as possible. This can be achieved by drinking coffee, tea, or green tea.
The final way to prevent kidney stones is to drink lots of water.
How can I treat kidney stones?
The first and most important thing to do is to keep the urine at a minimum. This can be achieved by drinking plenty of water and by making the urine as light as possible.
The second most important thing to do is to keep the urine as concentrated as possible. This can be achieved by drinking coffee, tea, or green tea.
The final thing to do is to drink lots of water.
The kidney stones can be dissolved by dissolving the salt and the excess fluid. A doctor or nurse can dissolve the kidney stone by passing the stone through a tube into a container of water or by passing a tube into the kidney.
These treatments are safe but they can take up to 30 minutes to take effect. If you are in pain you should sit down and stay in that position until you have passed the pain. If you are not in pain, you should continue until you pass the pain.
How long does it take for kidney stones to dissolve?
How long it will take for the kidney stone to dissolve depends on the size of the stone, the chemical composition of the stone, and how well the stone is broken up.
How long it will take to dissolve the larger kidney stones will depend on how the kidney stone is broken and how much kidney stone the doctor or nurse is able to remove.
Do not drink water after consuming a large amount of water and do not drink too much water because it can cause dehydration.
Do not drink water if you have any pain in your back or side.
Do not drink too much water.
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