Self administered iv fluids

You may be given fluids by an IV (intravenous) drip if you are too unwell to drink by mouth.

IV fluids can help thin your blood and make it easier for your kidneys to filter waste out.

In addition, some doctors may prescribe antibiotics to help prevent more severe UTIs.


Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics for you to take at home.

The antibiotic will work to treat your infection and prevent it from spreading.

Antibiotics can be very effective at treating a UTI, but they do have some side effects.

These include:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Sleepiness

If your doctor prescribes you antibiotics, you will need to take them exactly as prescribed.

Taking antibiotics will help to prevent future UTIs.

Antibiotics can make you more vulnerable to other infections, such as:

  • Pneumonia
  • Skin infections
  • Ear infections

Taking antibiotics for the first time can also cause a rash.

Over-the-counter (OTC) medicine

Taking OTC pain relief may help to relieve your symptoms.

Pain relievers are usually safe for most people to take, but they may not work well for everyone.

Common OTC pain relievers include:

  • Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
  • Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil)

These may help to reduce pain and lower fever. More severe pain may require stronger pain relievers.

In some cases, your doctor may recommend more powerful pain relievers.

Ask your doctor about the best approach for your symptoms.

Over-the-counter (OTC) cough and cold medicine

OTC cough and cold medicines may help to relieve your symptoms. These include:

  • Cough and cold medicine
  • Decongestant nasal sprays or drops
  • Antihistamines

These may help to open up your airways and reduce swelling in your nose.

Ask your doctor for more advice about the best approach for your symptoms.

If your symptoms don’t respond to OTC medicines, you may need prescription medicines.


This is a last resort for some people.

It may be done when other treatments have not worked or when things get worse.

In this surgery, your doctor will make a small cut in your bladder.

They will then insert a catheter into your bladder.

This is a soft tube that will give your doctor access to your bladder.

You will be awake during the surgery.

Your doctor will remove any infected or damaged tissues.

You may also have a catheter placed in your bladder to drain urine. This will help to clean your bladder.

This surgery is usually done in a hospital.

It can be a very uncomfortable and even dangerous procedure.

You may need to stay in the hospital for a few days after the procedure.

The recovery time is usually between 2 and 4 weeks.

You may need to take antibiotics for 3 to 7 days after the surgery.

These antibiotics can help to prevent a infection.

You may also need to take antibiotics for another 1 to 3 weeks after your surgery.

If you have a risk of a UTI, your doctor may prescribe a longer antibiotic course.

How can you prevent a UTI?

You can help to prevent UTIs by:

  • Using your bathroom properly
  • Staying up to date with any vaccinations
  • Drinking plenty of fluids
  • Not using sex toys before you know how they affect your body
  • Washing your hands regularly
  • Not sharing personal items, such as sex toys, with anyone

Tips for staying healthy

Taking good care of yourself is important when it comes to preventing UTIs.

Follow these tips to help keep you healthy:

  • Get plenty of rest.
  • Make sure to drink plenty of fluids.
  • Eat a healthy diet.
  • Keep up a consistent routine.
  • Drink plenty of fluids.
  • Use clean, fresh water for all your bathroom needs.
  • Get a UTI test every year.

When to see your doctor?

If you have any of the symptoms of a UTI, it is important to see your doctor as soon as possible.

Getting treatment as soon as possible helps prevent your infection from spreading.

Your doctor will ask you some questions about your symptoms.

They will also ask about your medical history and your health habits.

Your doctor may recommend that you take antibiotics.

You may also be given a test to check for a UTI.

You may also need to take antibiotics for the rest of your life.

It is important for you to finish your entire course of antibiotics.

You may need to take antibiotics for 3 to 7 days after your incision heals.

If your symptoms don’t improve after a few weeks, talk to your doctor about other options.

What is the long-term outlook?

Most UTIs clear up within a week.

You can usually treat a UTI with OTC drugs or with prescription medicines.

If you develop a UTI, talk to your doctor about the best approach to treatment.

You may have to take antibiotics for a longer period of time.

If you don’t have a UTI, you can still get infections from having sex with someone who has an infection.

These infections can be treated with antibiotics.

You can also get a UTI from not cleaning your genital area correctly.

This is especially important if you have a risk of having a UTI.

These infections often clear up on their own within a week.

Your doctor will likely prescribe a prescription antibiotic to treat the infection.

You should take this antibiotic for the rest of your life.

This drug only needs to be taken for a few days in most cases.

However, if you don’t have a UTI, you may still need to take antibiotics for 6 to 8 weeks.

It is also important to finish the entire course of antibiotics.

You should also see your doctor for a follow-up check.

You may need a follow-up if your symptoms don’t improve after a few weeks.

If your symptoms don’t improve after a few days, make an appointment to see your doctor.

Other conditions

Other conditions can also cause symptoms that look like a UTI.

These include:

  • Kidney infections
  • Bladder infections
  • Bladder stones
  • Kidney stones
  • Urinary tract infections

Urinary tract infections can also cause other symptoms.

These symptoms may include:

  • Pain in your lower back and/or groin
  • Pain in your lower abdomen
  • Cloudy urine

A UTI may or may not cause other symptoms.

If you have symptoms, talk to your doctor.

They can help you find out what is causing your symptoms.

Prevention tips

There are a few things you can do to help prevent UTIs.

Wash your hands regularly to help prevent infections.

Here are some other things you can do:

  • Drink plenty of fluids, especially water.
  • Get enough sleep.
  • Avoid using sex toys before you know how they affect your body.
  • Get tested regularly for UTIs.

Here are some other tips for preventing a UTI:

  • Drink plenty of fluids every day.
  • Make sure to use a clean, fresh water supply for all your bathroom needs.
  • Drink water with minerals like calcium and magnesium.
  • Use a condom when you have sex.
  • Use a backup birth control.
  • Change your birth control at the first sign of a UTI.
  • Use a pad or a menstrual cup for extra protection.
  • Wash your sex toys after each use.
  • Don’t share sex toys with anyone.

Outcome of a UTI

If you have a UTI, you may not have any symptoms.

However, you may also have:

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Pain in your lower back or your groin
  • Cloudy, red, or foul-smelling urine
  • Pain with urination
  • Back pain

UTIs can be hard to diagnose.

This is because most people don’t have any symptoms.

You may be able to treat the infection before it spreads to other parts of your body.

This will help prevent other organs from getting infected.

How is a UTI diagnosed?

A UTI is diagnosed by a urinalysis.

A urinalysis is a test that involves your peeing into a cup.

The urine is then sent to a lab for testing.

This test can help your doctor determine if you have a UTI or a kidney infection.

A UTI may cause blood in your urine.

A blood test can also help your doctor determine if you have a UTI.

How is a UTI treated?

Treatment for a UTI depends on the severity of the infection.

However, you may be able to treat the UTI in the following ways:

  • Keep your bladder empty as much as possible.
  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Use over-the-counter remedies.
  • Use prescription antibiotics.
  • Take antibiotics for the rest of your lifetime.

The takeaway

UTIs, or urinary tract infections, can affect your urinary tract. They can also affect your reproductive organs.

A UTI can be hard to diagnose, so you should always see your doctor.

If you’re diagnosed with a UTI, you should always take your antibiotics.

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