Your doctor may use a pelvic x-ray to examine the appearance and location of the cyst. This test can show whether the cyst has grown in size or changed in shape.
Your doctor may also order a CT scan, which is an x-ray that uses more detailed images than an x-ray. Your doctor can use the CT scan to look at the inside of your belly and test for signs of infection.
How is it treated?
If you have a large cyst, your doctor may recommend having it surgically removed.
During the procedure, your doctor will make a small incision in your belly and remove the cyst, along with the surrounding tissue.
The cyst may not always need to be surgically removed. For example, in some cases, the cyst may not need to be removed. If the cyst has not grown or changed in size, the cyst may disappear on its own within weeks or months.
However, if it causes pain or other symptoms, your doctor may recommend removal. In this case, you will likely need to have the cyst surgically removed.
In some cases, your doctor may recommend that you maintain a lower body position for several days after the removal of the cyst.
If you have a cyst, you can take certain steps to prevent it from recurring. For example, you can:
- Follow regular exercise routines
- Drink plenty of liquids
- Limit high-fat foods
- Eat more fruits and vegetables
- Cut back on caffeine
- Avoid alcohol
- Avoid tobacco
- Practice good hygiene
Talk to your doctor if you have any concerns about your cyst. They can help you identify any possible causes of the cyst and help you avoid or avoid the cysts.
Outcome and complications
The outlook for people with large cysts depends on the underlying cause.
Sometimes, cysts are the result of a minor intestinal problem. In these cases, cysts typically resolve themselves. However, if you have a large cyst, you may need to have it surgically removed.
If you have a large cyst, you may also have symptoms such as:
- Bloating and gas
- Food passing through your rectum
- Abdominal cramping
- Urinating more often
The cyst may also make it hard to pass gas or stool. In some cases, you may experience a blockage of your colon. This is known as a colostomy.
If the cyst creates other complications, your doctor may need to perform a procedure to help remove it.
In general, you can prevent cysts by:
- Eating a balanced diet
- Drinking plenty of fluids
- Avoiding foods that increase your risk of gastrointestinal bleeding
- Eating fewer high-fat foods
- Maintaining a healthy weight
Some strategies to prevent cysts include:
- Keeping your bowels clean and regular
- Taking laxatives, if needed
- Eating more fiber
- Eating less salt and sugar
- Avoiding foods that increase blood sugar
When to see a doctor?
See your doctor if you notice a cyst on your belly.
You should also see a doctor if you are experiencing any of the following symptoms:
- You’re experiencing weight loss.
- You’ve been vomiting.
- You’re experiencing severe abdominal pain.
- You’re having a severe change in bowel habits.
- You’re experiencing severe cramping.
- You’re experiencing bleeding or excessive bleeding.
- You’re experiencing bloody stools and black stools.
What is the long-term outlook?
In most cases, cysts are the result of minor problems that resolve on their own. However, if you have a large cyst, you may need to have it surgically removed.
In some cases, cysts can cause other complications. These include:
- Blockage in the colon.
- Blockage in the digestive tract.
- Blockage in the lymphatic system.
The long-term outlook for people with large cysts depends on the underlying cause. Cysts that are the result of minor problems often resolve on their own. If a cyst is the result of a more serious problem, it may need to be removed.
How to prevent cysts in the future?
If you have cysts, it’s important to follow a healthy lifestyle, such as:
- Eating a balanced, healthy diet
- Drinking plenty of liquids and staying hydrated
- Limiting high-fat foods
- Eating more fruits and vegetables
- Cutting back on caffeine
- Avoiding alcohol
- Avoiding tobacco
- Practicing good hygiene
You can also prevent cysts by:
- Limiting your intake of high-fat foods
- Cutting back on salt and sugar
- Taking daily medications to help keep your bowels regular
- Finding an exercise routine that you enjoy
- Seeing your doctor if you experience any changes in bowel habits
- Seeing your doctor if you experience any changes in your bowel habits
Outcomes vary from person to person. Cysts that are the result of minor problems typically resolve on their own and don’t cause any additional complications.
How to find a doctor?
If you’re experiencing symptoms that concern you, take a look at your medical history to see whether your symptoms are related to a cyst.
If you think that you have a cyst, make an appointment with your doctor. They can give you a physical exam and discuss your symptoms with you. They may also refer you to a gastroenterologist, a specialist in intestinal and digestive diseases.
If you need immediate treatment, you can get a referral to an emergency room.
What causes a cyst?
A cyst is a sac filled with fluid that forms in your digestive tract. They can form inside your mouth, stomach, or colon.
The causes of cysts depend on where they form and the size of the sac.
The most common causes of cysts are:
- Endometriosis. This is a disorder in which tissue that normally lines your uterus grows in other parts of your reproductive system.
- Inflammatory bowel disease. This includes Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.
- Intestinal obstruction. This is a blockage in the digestive tract.
- Hernia. This is a hole or tear in the wall of the digestive tract.
- Meckel’s diverticulum. This is a pouch of intestine that can form in the small intestine.
- Polyps. These are growths that can form in the lining of your digestive tract.
- Radiation. This includes radiation therapy and radioactive substances.
- Ectopic pregnancy. This is a pregnancy that occurs anywhere other than your uterus.
- Pancreatitis. This is inflammation of the pancreas.
- Molluscum contagiosum. This is a skin condition that causes a skin-colored bump to develop.
- Fungal infection. This is a type of infection that can affect your digestive tract.
What are the symptoms?
The symptoms of a cyst vary depending on the size and location of the sac.
Symptoms of a small cyst may include:
- A small, hard mass that feels like a lump on the inside of your belly.
- Abdominal pain.
- A feeling of fullness after eating.
- A change in bowel habits.
Symptoms of a large cyst may include:
- A large, painful mass on your belly.
- Pain in your belly.
- Feces that look like coffee grounds.
- Blood in your stool.
- Pain while passing stool.
- Watery or bloody stools.
- Diarrhea that’s severe.
- Pain in your lower back or neck.
- Pain at your upper abdomen or in your upper right or left side.
- Itchy skin.
- Sudden weight loss.
- Difficulty breathing.
- Fever more than 101 F (38.3 C).
If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, see your doctor.
How is a cyst diagnosed?
To diagnose a cyst, your doctor will ask you about your symptoms and examine you. They’ll also order a physical exam to check for blockage in your digestive tract and to see if there are any symptoms.
If necessary, your doctor may need to take a small sample of your stool to test for a parasite or infection.
A colonoscopy is a procedure that allows your doctor to see your entire colon. This is important because it can rule out other possible causes of symptoms.
Your doctor may also use a colonoscopy to remove your cyst surgically.
If needed, your doctor may take a biopsy of the sac to test for cancer.
What are the treatment options?
There are many treatment options available for cysts. Your choice of treatment depends on:
- Your age and overall health
- How severe your symptoms are
- How long the cyst has been causing symptoms
Your treatment options will also depend on the size, location, and number of cysts you have.
For example, if your doctor removes one or more cysts, they may recommend that you consume more fiber and fluids to help prevent future cysts.
In most cases, cysts resolve on their own. However, there are some cases in which a cyst may need to be removed.
These are the four common treatment options:
- Surgical removal. This is the most common treatment option. You may have a cyst removed surgically if it’s causing severe symptoms or if you’ve had a cyst removed in the past.
- Medical management. This is a nonsurgical treatment that involves taking medications or following a special diet. These medications can help prevent future cysts.
- Removal with a loop colostomy. This is a permanent surgical option in which a piece of intestine is removed from your body. This gives the area more room to expand.
- Removal with an endo-bag. This is a temporary surgical option in which an endo-bag is inserted into your body. This allows the area to expand with the help of gravity.
A cyst is a lump that forms in your belly.
They are most often the result of a minor intestinal problem, such as a blocked or weakened colon
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