Astigmatism is a genetic condition that is passed down from one parent to their child.
In some cases, it can also be inherited from one sibling.
What causes astigmatism?
Astigmatism is caused by the eye muscles not contracting as they should. This is usually due to an eye injury or an underlying condition that is not treated.
What are the symptoms of astigmatism?
Most people with astigmatism do not have visible symptoms.
However, it is possible that astigmatism can cause other eye problems, such as:
- Blurred vision
- Double vision
- Double vision in one eye
If you have astigmatism, your doctor will want to see if your eyes also have any of these symptoms.
What are the risk factors for astigmatism?
Astigmatism is mostly common in children. It is not easy to identify if astigmatism is present in your child.
Also, there is no specific cause for astigmatism. This means that it can be inherited in some cases.
What are the treatments for astigmatism?
There are several types of treatments for astigmatism.
Toric IOLs are a type of contact lens that can correct astigmatism.
In most cases, toric lenses are prescribed with astigmatism. You may need to have a toric IOL fitted before you can see well with your corrected eyeglasses.
Your doctor may recommend a toric IOL if you have:
- Astigmatism that is not getting better with eyeglasses
- Astigmatism that is getting worse despite wearing eyeglasses
- Astigmatism that is getting worse with contact lenses
In some cases, your doctor may recommend an LASIK procedure to reduce astigmatism.
Your doctor may also recommend surgery to correct astigmatism. You may need one or more of these types of surgery:
- Toric IOL implantation: Your doctor will implant a toric IOL.
Toric IOL exchange: Your doctor will remove the primary toric IOL and replace it with a secondary toric IOL.
- In-the-bag LASIK: Your doctor will remove the original LASIK surgery and replace the corneal flap with an artificial cornea.
If you have astigmatism, you can also contact your doctor about laser vision correction.
When should I call my doctor?
Astigmatism is not a medical emergency. However, you should call your doctor if you experience any of the following symptoms:
- Blurry vision
- Double or blurred vision
- Vision that is not the same side
How can I prevent astigmatism?
There is no specific way to prevent astigmatism. However, you can try to keep your eyes healthy so that you do not have astigmatism.
One way to do this is to:
- Wash your hands before you touch your eyes.
- Wash your contact lenses regularly.
You can also try to keep your eyes as healthy as possible. This may include:
- Using eye drops to clean your eyes at least once a day.
- Avoiding tobacco, alcohol, and other substances that can dry out your eyes.
- Avoiding contact with smoke or other fumes.
- Wearing sunglasses when you go outside.
- Taking eye drops to keep your eyes moist.
- Avoiding direct sunlight.
- Using a humidifier in your home.
- Using eye drops to dilate your eyes.
- Using eye drops to relieve dry eyes.
How can I treat astigmatism?
If you have astigmatism, your doctor will want to treat it. They will determine the type of treatment and how to best treat it.
Toric IOLs are a type of contact lens that can correct astigmatism. The goal of this treatment is to improve your vision.
You may need to wear a toric IOL for a short time. Toric IOLs can last for as long as you wear eyeglasses.
You may need to wear a toric IOL for an extended period of time if your vision is not improving with eyeglasses.
LASIK is a type of surgery that can also improve your vision. It is not a one-time procedure.
You may need LASIK to correct astigmatism. This surgery may need to be repeated if your vision does not improve.
You may also need to have a corneal transplant. Your doctor may recommend corneal transplant if you are not improving with LASIK or toric IOLs.
What are the possible complications of astigmatism?
Astigmatism may cause complications. These complications could include:
- Dry eyes
- Eye infections
- Eye pain
- Double or blurred vision in one eye
- Eye injury
- Eye inflammation
The most common complications of astigmatism are:
- Eye dryness and itching.
- Eye infections.
- Eye pain.
- Double or blurred vision.
- Eye injury.
- Eye inflammation.
- Eye swelling.
- Eye redness.
What can I do to prevent astigmatism?
There is no specific way to prevent astigmatism. You can try to keep your eyes healthy so that you do not have astigmatism.
You can try to keep your eyes as healthy as possible. This may include:
- Using eye drops at least once a day.
- Avoiding contact with smoke or other fumes
- Taking eye drops to keep your eyes moist
- Using eye lubricating drops
- Avoiding direct sunlight
- Using a humidifier in your home
- Using eye patches
How do I care for astigmatism?
The best way to care for astigmatism is to talk to your doctor. Your doctor can help you find a treatment plan that works for you.
You can also care for your eyes at home. Follow the steps below to care for your eyes at home.
Wash your hands before you touch your eyes
It is important to wash your hands before touching your eyes. This will help prevent infections.
Use an eye drop to clean your eyes at least once a day
Use eye drops to clean your eyes at least once a day. Follow the directions on the package.
Avoid using contact lenses and other eye products that make your eyes wetter
Avoid using contact lenses and other eye products that make your eyes wetter. This will prevent water from draining from your eyes.
Avoid direct sunlight
Do not go outside during the hottest part of the day. Stay in the shade.
Use a humidifier to keep your home comfortable
Use a humidifier to keep the air in your home comfortable. This can help keep your eyes moist.
Use an eye patch to keep your eyes moist
Use an eye patch when you need to use your eyes. This prevents your eyes from drying out.
What is the outlook for astigmatism?
If you have astigmatia, your vision may improve with treatment.
Talk to your doctor if your vision is not improving with treatment. If your vision is not improving with treatment, your doctor may recommend corneal transplant or LASIK.
Contact your doctor if you have any of these symptoms:
- Itchy eyes
- Dry, irritated eyes
- Eye swelling
- Eye redness
It can be difficult to treat astigmatism. But you can follow the steps above to care for your eyes at home.
What is the connection between astigmatism and dry eye?
Dry eye occurs when you have too little lubrication in your eyes. This is usually caused by an eye condition. Astigmatism is one of the most common eye conditions.
Toric IOLs are a type of contact lens that can correct astigmatism. It can help improve your vision.
Talk to your doctor if you experience dry, irritated eyes. They can recommend a treatment plan that can improve your vision.
How do I care for dry eye?
Follow these steps to care for your eyes at home:
- Use eye drops to keep your eyes moist.
- Avoid using contact lenses and other eye products that make your eyes wetter.
What is the connection between astigmatism and eye infections?
If your eyes are not protected from germs, they can get infected. This can cause a number of problems. These include:
- Red or pink eye
- Eye irritation
You may need to see an ophthalmologist for treatment when you have these symptoms.
What is the connection between astigmatism and eye injury?
Eye injury happens when you injure your eye. This can happen from rubbing, touching, or falling. You may also injure your eye accidentally when you injure something and then touch the eye.
The eye may turn red, become swollen, or have a scratchy feeling. The pain can be intense.
Your doctor may recommend surgery if you injure your eye. They can also recommend surgery if your vision is not improving with eyeglasses or toric IOLs.
What is the connection between astigmatism and eye inflammation?
Astigmatism can cause inflammation. This inflammation can cause swelling, redness, or pain in the eye.
The bottom line
Astigmatism is a condition that affects your eyes. It is caused by the muscles of the eye not contracting as they should.
Astigmatism is a common condition.
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