OCD when to see a doctor?

If you have a headache, nausea, vomiting, or balance issues, you may be having an episode of acute gastroenteritis. These symptoms are signs of a more serious illness, but they should not be ignored.

People with gastroenteritis should see a doctor for a complete evaluation. You may need to be hospitalized or treated in a hospital to recover from the illness.

Seek emergency medical help if you have:

  • Severe stomach cramps or pain
  • Fever
  • Severe vomiting
  • Diarrhea that lasts for more than a day

You should also seek emergency medical help if you have any of these symptoms along with a fever over 100 F and/or any other symptoms of dehydration.

What are the causes of gastroenteritis?

Gastroenteritis is a viral infection of the digestive tract. The virus that causes gastroenteritis usually affects children ages 5 to 15.

Gastroenteritis is most commonly caused by norovirus. This virus is the leading cause of food poisoning. It is spread by contaminated food, water, or surfaces.

Gastroenteritis can be caused by a very small number of bacteria, including:

  • Salmonella
  • Campylobacter
  • Shigella

How is gastroenteritis diagnosed?

To diagnose gastroenteritis, your doctor will ask about your health history. You will also have a physical exam and stool test.

Your stool test will show if the virus is in your stool.

How is gastroenteritis treated?

Specific treatment for gastroenteritis varies depending on the cause. In most cases, gastroenteritis is treated with rest and fluids. If the virus is causing the illness, you may be hospitalized.

In some cases, gastroenteritis will need to be treated with antibiotics. If you have a bacterial infection, your doctor may prescribe an antibiotic.

If you are vomiting, your doctor may prescribe food or liquids to help you feel better. You may also be given:

  • Hydration
  • Pain medication
  • Antibiotics
  • Anti-nausea medications

You should also avoid large meals and foods that cause gas, such as chocolate, beans, and cabbage.

What is the long-term outlook?

In most cases, gastroenteritis will go away on its own within a few days. In some cases, antibiotics may be necessary.

If you have a serious bacterial infection, you may need to stay in the hospital for several days.

What can I do to prevent gastroenteritis?

To prevent gastroenteritis, you should:

  • Wash your hands often.
  • Wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly.
  • Cook meat thoroughly.
  • Avoid raw, undercooked, or raw and undercooked foods.
  • Use a face mask when you are around others.
  • Wash dishes thoroughly after meals.

To help prevent the spread of gastroenteritis, you should:

  • Wash your hands frequently.
  • Cover your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze.
  • Avoid touching your face.
  • Wash your baby’s hands often.
  • Stay away from people who are sick.

What are the complications of gastroenteritis?

Complications of gastroenteritis are rare. They include:

  • Dehydration
  • Diarrhea
  • Severe stomach cramps
  • Vomiting
  • High-grade fever
  • Stomach bleeding

When to see a doctor?

If you have a headache, nausea, vomiting, or balance issues, you may be having an episode of acute gastroenteritis. These symptoms are signs of a more serious illness.

You should see a doctor for a complete evaluation. You may need to be hospitalized or treated in a hospital to recover from the illness.

Seek emergency medical help if you have any of these symptoms along with a fever over 100 F and/or any other symptoms of dehydration.

What are the signs of dehydration?

Signs of dehydration include:

  • Dry mouth
  • Dry skin
  • Dry lips or tongue
  • Dry eyes
  • Dark urine
  • Thirst
  • Fatigue

If you have any of these symptoms along with a fever over 100 F and/or any other symptoms of dehydration, you should see a doctor right away.

Do not ignore signs of dehydration. It can cause serious health complications.

What are the complications of dehydration?

Dehydration can cause:

  • Blood clots
  • Heart attack
  • Kidney failure
  • Seizure
  • Eye damage or blindness
  • Death

To reduce your risk of dehydration, drink water or sports drinks throughout the day.

You should also stay away from caffeine after meals.

How do I prevent dehydration?

Dehydration can be prevented by:

  • Drinking water throughout the day.
  • Drinking sports or caffeine drinks.
  • Drinking plenty of fluids in the evening.
  • Staying well-hydrated before exercising.
  • Avoiding alcohol and caffeine after meals.

What is the treatment for dehydration?

Dehydration is treated with water or sports drinks.

You should also drink water or sports drinks throughout the day.

You should avoid alcohol and caffeine after meals.

What else should I know about gastroenteritis?

For most cases of gastroenteritis, there is no need to see a doctor.

However, in some cases, you may need to be checked for complications. These may include stomach bleeding, dehydration, or an infection.

For example, if you are vomiting and you have a fever over 100 F and/or any other symptoms of dehydration, you should see a doctor right away.

Also, if you are vomiting and you have a fever over 101 F, you should seek immediate medical attention because you may be having an infection.

If you are vomiting and you have nausea, you should seek immediate medical attention because you may be having a food poisoning.

If you are vomiting, you should see a doctor right away. You should also seek immediate medical attention if you are vomiting blood or if you are vomiting several times a day.

You may also need to see a doctor if you:

  • Are vomiting blood
  • Have a fever over 102 F

The takeaway

Gastroenteritis is a common illness that can be caused by a number of different viruses and bacteria.

You should see a doctor if you have any of the symptoms of gastroenteritis. These symptoms can generally be treated at home.

However, if you have a severe case of gastroenteritis, you may need to be hospitalized.

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