Bleeding gums, or more specifically, a black spot called a black triangle can be a sign of periodontal disease.
Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a serious condition that affects your gums and the bone supporting them. This can lead to a variety of symptoms, including:
- Gums that bleed easily
- Pain when chewing
- Bad breath
- Tender gums
- Tooth loss
In addition to gum bleeding, you may also experience:
- Severe tooth sensitivity
- Loose teeth
- Receding gums
Periodontal disease is usually caused by gum disease, but it can also be caused by:
- Periodontal abscess
- Oral cancer
- Poor oral hygiene
Periodontal disease is serious and needs to be treated with professional oral care. If you’re experiencing gum bleeding, you should see a dentist for professional treatment.
A periodontal abscess is a pocket of pus that develops around the gums. It’s caused by a bacterial infection and is most commonly caused by periodontal disease.
Periodontal abscesses are extremely painful and can cause severe tooth loss. If you have one, you should seek treatment as soon as possible.
Periodontal cancer is a type of cancer that develops from the gum tissue and bone supporting your teeth. The cancer causes a buildup of gum tissue and bone that can lead to:
Periodontal cancer is usually caused by periodontal disease. If you have any of these symptoms, you should contact your dentist.
Poor oral hygiene
Poor oral hygiene can also cause gum bleeding. This includes not brushing your teeth regularly or flossing.
If you’re having trouble with bleeding gums, there are several things you can try at home to improve your oral hygiene. They include:
- Wearing a retainer when you brush your teeth
- Using a soft-bristled toothbrush
- Flossing at least once per day
- Rinsing your mouth with saltwater
- Using mouthwash that contains chlorhexidine
- Reducing your sugar intake
- Eating foods high in vitamin B6
- Taking an over-the-counter (OTC) antiseptic mouthwash
If these home remedies aren’t effective, you may want to speak with your dentist. There are several medications that can be used to treat periodontal disease.
When to see a doctor?
It’s usually a good idea to see a doctor if you have gum bleeding or other red or swollen gums.
Many conditions can lead to gum bleeding, so you should be aware of the following symptoms to help determine the cause of your bleeding.
If you’ve had gum bleeding for a week or more, you should see a dentist. They can perform a proper examination of your teeth and gums and make a diagnosis.
If your dentist suspects that you have periodontal disease, they may refer you to a periodontist.
How is it treated?
The best treatment for gum bleeding is to treat the cause of your bleeding.
There are several different treatment options for gum bleeding, including:
- Plaque control. This treatment involves rinsing your mouth with a mouthwash that contains chlorhexidine.
- Antibiotics. Your dentist may prescribe an antibiotic if you have a bacterial infection.
- Dental sealants. Dental sealants are thin, rubber-like patches that can be applied to your gums to prevent bacteria from entering your mouth.
- Root planing. This procedure involves using a dental instrument to remove plaque and tartar from your teeth.
- Gum grafting. This procedure involves removing a portion of the gum tissue and replacing it with a gum tissue from another part of your mouth.
If your bleeding has been caused by periodontal disease, your dentist may prescribe a prescription antibiotic. They can also prescribe antibiotics that are more effective against bacteria that cause gum disease.
If your bleeding is caused by poor oral hygiene, your dentist may recommend a prescription mouthwash or an OTC mouthwash.
Your dentist may also recommend that you see a periodontist. Periodontists treat periodontal disease with specialized procedures, including:
- Deep cleaning. Your dentist will use a special instrument to remove plaque and tartar from your gums.
- Dental surgery. If your bleeding is caused by severe gum disease, a surgical procedure may be necessary.
- Dental implant. This procedure involves placing a small titanium post in your jawbone.
- Dental implants. This procedure involves replacing your missing teeth with a dental implant.
Should you see a doctor?
If you’ve been experiencing gum bleeding for a week or more, you should see a dentist. They can perform a proper examination of your teeth and gums and make a diagnosis.
If you have any of the following symptoms, you should also see a dentist:
- Gums that are swollen, red, or bleeding
- A fever
- A headache
If your bleeding is caused by periodontal disease, you should see a periodontist. Periodontists treat periodontal disease with specialized procedures, including:
- Deep cleaning. Your dentist will use a special instrument to remove plaque and tartar from your gums
- Dental surgery. If your bleeding is caused by severe gum disease, a surgical procedure may be necessary
- Dental implant. This procedure involves placing a small titanium post in your jawbone
- Dental implants. This procedure involves replacing your missing teeth with a dental implant
If you have a fever or a headache, it’s important to see your doctor. These symptoms could indicate a blood clot, which is dangerous.
When to seek emergency care?
If you have:
- A fever of 102 F (38.9 C) or higher
A headache that’s severe or lasts longer than three days
Swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat
Gum bleeding can be an early symptom of a blood clotting disorder called hemophilia. This condition can be life threatening, so it’s important to seek emergency medical treatment if you have any of these symptoms.
The bottom line
Gingivitis and periodontal disease are common dental conditions. They can cause gum bleeding if you don’t take the proper steps to treat them.
If you’ve been experiencing gum bleeding for a week or more, see your dentist. They can perform a proper examination of your teeth and gums and make a diagnosis.
If you have any of the following symptoms, it’s important to also see your dentist:
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