Vomiting and fever are symptoms that might make you think you need to see your doctor. However, a simple visit to the doctor is usually all that’s necessary to treat your headache and any fever you might have. Your doctor will look at your symptoms and go over your medical history.
Vomiting may be a symptom of a serious medical condition, so you should see a doctor immediately if you have it.
If you have severe vomiting accompanied by other symptoms, including:
- Severe headache
- Vision changes
- Severe neck pain
- A low body temperature
If you’re having problems breathing, you should go to an emergency department (ED) right away.
What causes vomiting during a headache?
There are many reasons why you might get a headache and have vomiting. It’s possible to have a headache and not have any other symptoms. You might also have a headache and no other symptoms.
Here are some possible causes.
Stress can cause you to feel nauseated. You might also feel irritable, have shortness of breath, and feel dizzy.
Heart problems can cause you to feel dizzy and have a headache.
Some medications can cause you to have a headache and vomiting. These include:
- Antidepressants, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), for depression
- Blood pressure medications, including beta blockers and calcium channel blockers
- Insomnia medications, such as benzodiazepines
- Medicines used to treat Parkinson’s disease, such as pramipexole (Mirapex), ropinirole (Requip), and rotigotine (Neupro)
Medications for high blood pressure and depression may also cause you to feel nauseated.
Medications that include diazepam (Valium) and other anti-anxiety medications have been linked to chronic nausea.
Hormone changes can cause you to have a headache and vomiting.
For example, a hormone called prolactin can cause you to have a headache.
This hormone is released by the pituitary gland in your brain. It’s involved in many of the body’s processes, including lactation and breast-feeding.
Other hormone changes can cause you to have a headache and a low body temperature. These include:
- Low estrogen levels (premenopausal women)
- Low levels of testosterone (postmenopausal women)
- Decreased levels of thyroid hormone (a thyroid hormone deficiency)
When you have a headache, your body temperature may go up. This is because your body is trying to cool itself down.
Side effects of some medications
Some medications can cause you to have a headache and vomiting. These medications include:
- High blood pressure medications
- Sleeping pills
- Sleeping aids
Symptoms of these types of medications may include:
- Low body temperature
If you’re pregnant, it’s important to work with your doctor to treat your headache and other symptoms. Headaches during pregnancy may be due to:
- Your hormone levels
- Placental problems
- Placental changes
- High blood pressure
Headaches during pregnancy may also be due to excess or low blood sugars in the body. In this case, treatment may include taking medication to help control your blood sugar, such as:
- Metformin (Glucophage)
- Glipizide (Glucotrol)
- Glimepiride (Amaryl)
If your headache is due to high blood pressure, this may be treated with lifestyle changes.
Symptoms of pregnancy may include:
- Chest pain
- Breast tenderness
- Sudden weight gain
If you think you have overdosed on a certain drug, call 911 immediately. If you need help recognizing this type of overdose, you may have experienced an adverse drug reaction (ADR).
An ADR is a medical condition that occurs when your body’s normal reaction to a medication causes a severe and sometimes dangerous reaction.
When the drug overdose is not your fault, you may be able to recover money and property that was damaged by the drug.
However, if you were not negligent and you do not have the money and property, you may have to give up certain rights.
If you believe that you or someone else has overdosed on a drug, it’s important to get help right away.
The symptoms of an overdose may include:
- Drowsiness or drowsliness
- Muscle spasms
- Loss of consciousness
A drug overdose may cause the following symptoms:
- Muscle stiffness
- Low body energy
- Blurred vision
When to see a doctor?
If you have a severe headache and vomiting, seek medical attention immediately.
If you have a mild headache, nausea, and vomiting, you should see a doctor. You should also see a doctor if your headache and vomiting lasts for more than three days.
How are they diagnosed?
Headaches and vomiting can be a symptom of several different medical conditions.
To diagnose your headache and vomiting, your doctor will take a detailed medical history and do a physical exam.
Your doctor may also order some tests, including:
- Blood tests. These can check your glucose and thyroid hormone levels.
- Urine tests. These can check for signs of food poisoning or other types of poisoning.
- Imaging tests. These include CT scans and MRI.
- Lumbar puncture. This test checks for an infection, and it can also check for brain swelling.
- Endoscopy. This test uses a small camera to view the inside of your mouth and throat.
What’s the treatment for a headache and vomiting?
Treatment for a headache and vomiting depends on what’s causing it.
You can take over-the-counter (OTC) treatments for a headache and vomiting. These include:
- Pain relievers, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) and ibuprofen (Advil).
- Antihistamines, such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl) or dimenhydrinate (Asendin).
- Decongestants, such as pseudoephedrine (Sudafed) or phenylephrine (Sudafed PE).
If these treatments don’t work, you can talk to your doctor about prescription medications.
- Speak with your doctor.
- What to expect at your appointment
- Types of headaches
- Common causes of headaches
- Treatment of headaches
- Complications of headaches
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