Polio is a virus that damages the spinal cord, causing paralysis. It’s different from cerebral palsy (CP), a group of disorders that affect movement and muscle control.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention say that 1 in 88 children are given the polio vaccination in the United States. It’s considered safe to get the polio vaccine.
Polio can affect the muscles or nerves. It can also lead to breathing problems, paralysis in the arms and legs, or blindness.
When to see a doctor?
If you think you have polio, see your doctor. This is especially important if you can’t sit or stand up without assistance. Your doctor will also look at the muscles and nerves in your arms and legs.
If you have a condition that affects the muscles, like myasthenia gravis, see your doctor to have it tested. This condition can cause muscle weakness.
If you have a condition that affects your nerves, like muscular dystrophy, see your doctor. This can cause muscle weakness and changes in the muscles and nerves.
There’s no vaccine to prevent polio. The disease is spread through the fecal-oral route. This means you can catch it from someone who has it.
The virus is highly contagious, especially in the warmer months. It’s also spread by eating food or drinking water that has been contaminated with stool from an infected person.
You can prevent polio by getting the polio vaccine. This is a live, weakened form of the virus. It’s given as a shot. The vaccine is given to children between ages 325 and 36 months.
It’s given by a healthcare provider and is considered safe. You’ll need to wait about six months between shot and booster.
What to expect at your doctor’s appointment?
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. Then they’ll do a physical examination.
They’ll check your muscles to check for muscle weakness and see if you have muscle atrophy. This is the loss of muscle mass that is associated with CP. Atrophy can make you weak and unable to move.
Your doctor may also be able to feel the nerves in your arms and legs. They may also look at your spinal cord to check for paralysis.
They may test your reflexes. This is how quickly you can move your muscles when you’re asked to do so.
They may also take a stool sample to check for polio virus. This is sometimes done with a finger stick. You’ll need to lie down in a special chair to do this.
Once your stool sample is tested, you can get a second dose of the polio vaccine. This is called a booster.
If you don’t have a stool sample, your doctor will do a swab of your nose and throat. Your doctor can test you for the virus in your intestines if there’s no stool sample, or if you have no symptoms.
If you have a stool sample, your doctor can do a test to check for the virus. They will take a swab of your rectum.
What’s the treatment for polio?
You can get help from physical and occupational therapy. This is when a health professional helps you do daily tasks like sitting, standing, and walking.
You may also be given a brace to support your body.
Once your muscles are stronger, you can do activities that used to be hard. For example, you might be able to jump on a trampoline.
If you have CP, you may need help from a doctor with medications to help improve your muscle tone. These medications include:
- Baclofen (Gablofen)
- Tizanidine (Zanaflex)
- Pregabalin (Lyrica)
The treatment for polio varies depending on the severity of your symptoms. It also depends on how long you have had the infection.
The best treatment is to get the vaccine. This will make your muscles stronger and help you get better faster.
Complications and outlook
Polio can cause serious complications. These include:
- Hearing loss
- Cardiac problems
Polio can also cause death.
These complications can be serious. Your doctor will make sure that you can take care of yourself at home. This includes helping you with daily activities.
They may also need to give you supplemental oxygen through a machine. You can also manage your symptoms at home.
Your recovery time will depend on the condition you have and how well you respond to treatment.
You’ll see a doctor within 7 to 14 days of getting the vaccine. This is the time it takes for your body to become immune to the virus. You’ll have to wait about 6 months between the regular shot and booster.
Polio can lead to long-term complications. These can include:
- Muscle weakness
- Nerve damage
You may need more treatment if you get polio. Your doctor may also prescribe medications for muscle weakening.
The outlook depends on the severity of the condition. This means how quickly the symptoms go away.
The sooner you get the vaccine, the better your outlook will be.
The bottom lin7 Benefits of an Intensive Training Program for Athletes
If you’re an athlete, you know the feeling of being tired and in need of rest. This is especially true if you’re a newbie to the fitness industry. But, rest isn’t the only way to get back in the game.
“The best way to build strength is to build endurance and improve your ability to recover,” explains Michael Phelps, the 2010 Olympic champion and one of the most decorated Olympians in history.
The key to building more endurance, improving your ability to recover, and improving your performance is an exercise program designed for athletes.
“Exercise is important for performance, but it’s just one piece of a complicated puzzle,” says Dr. Kari Brown, a sports medicine specialist and co-founder of Athletico. “The ultimate goal is to train to the point where you’re able to perform at your best.”
If you’re interested in increasing your ability to recover and perform at your peak, you should consider an intense training program.
Here are seven examples of how an intense training program can improve your athletic performance.
1. Increases your speed
When you increase the intensity of your training, you can expect to see improvements in your ability to perform at your peak.
If you’re a runner, for example, you’ll see your speed increase. You’ll be able to run faster, longer, and more efficiently.
2. Improves your strength
When you work out with an intense program, you’ll be able to see improvements in multiple areas.
For example, when you’re lifting weights, you’ll see an increase in your strength and your ability to perform at your peak.
The same applies to swimming. When you swim and you increase your intensity, you’ll see improvements in your strength, speed, and endurance.
3. Improves your endurance
When you work out with an intense program, you’ll be able to see improvements in your endurance.
This is because you’ll be able to train for long periods of time without getting tired.
4. Improves your cardiovascular fitness
When you work out with an intense program, you’ll be able to see improvements in your cardiovascular fitness.
What’s the outlook?
Polio can be severe and cause serious complications. Most people recover completely.
Treatment will depend on the severity of your symptoms. Your doctor may prescribe:
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