The American Diabetes Association (ADA) has a list of vegetables to be avoided while pregnant or breastfeeding.
Dr. Vimala Raghuram, a family physician in the United Kingdom, said that vegetables should be part of a healthy diet. But she added that they should not replace the regular diet.
“I would say that vegetables should be eaten in moderation,” she said. “They are rich in nutrients, but they are also high in calories and can promote weight gain.”
The ADA also advises against eating any food or drink that contains a lot of saturated fat. This includes:
- Red meat
- Fatty meats
It also advises against eating foods that are high in sugar, including:
- White bread
- High-fat foods, such as cheese and butter
The ADA also recommends against a diet that is low in fruits and vegetables.
What are the best foods for pregnant women and people with diabetes?
The ADA recommends that pregnant women eat a well-balanced diet that is low in sodium, saturated fat, and calories.
It also recommends that people with diabetes eat foods that are low in fat and high in fiber.
Pregnant people should eat foods rich in:
People with diabetes should eat a diet that is rich in:
The ADA also recommends that people with diabetes eat foods that are low in saturated fat and high in antioxidants.
What about alcohol?
Drinking alcohol can be a problem for people with diabetes. It can cause blood sugar levels to rise, and it can cause weight gain.
People with diabetes should not drink alcohol. However, there are some exceptions.
Drinking is not recommended with:
- Certain medications
- Diabetes medications
It is also not recommended for people with diabetes to drink any alcohol, but there are some exceptions.
People with diabetes who are taking a medication called pioglitazone, which lowers blood sugar levels, may be able to drink alcohol.
People with diabetes also may be able to drink alcohol if it is a low-risk activity.
Low-risk activities for people with diabetes include:
- Drinking alcohol at home
- Drinking with friends
- Drinking at work
- Drinking with family
People should not drink if they have:
- High blood pressure
- High blood cholesterol
- Heart disease
- Kidney disease
- Liver disease
- Vision problems
It is also not recommended for people with diabetes to drink if they have:
- Severe kidney disease
- Severe heart disease
- Severe liver disease
If drinking is a problem for you, talk to your doctor. They may be able to help you find a low-risk activity.
What are the best foods for people who want to lose weight?
People who want to lose weight should eat a balanced diet that is rich in fruit and vegetables, whole grains, dairy, and lean protein.
A balanced diet includes:
- Whole grains
- Lean meat
- Nuts and seeds
- Plant-based fats
- Dried beans and peas
- Sweeteners such as honey and agave nectar
It is also recommended that people cut back on:
- Processed foods
- Sugary drinks
- Fried foods
- Caffeinated beverages
The ADA also recommends that people eat foods that are rich in fiber and may help lose weight.
What foods should someone with diabetes eat?
Diabetics should eat a diet that is rich in fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein. They should also eat less fat and more fiber.
It is also recommended that people eat foods with a low glycemic index (GI).
The GI is a measure of how much a food raises blood sugar. Foods with a low GI will raise blood sugar levels less than those with a high GI.
The ADA recommends that people with diabetes eat foods that have a GI of less than 55.
What is a healthy body weight?
The Institute of Medicine (IOM) has a good article on this topic.
The IOM defines a healthy body weight as:
- Men: less than 25 kilograms (kg)
- Women: less than 17.5 kg
- Pregnant people: less than 22 kg
- Infants: less than 12 kg
- Children: less than 11.5 kg
This means that a person with a healthy body weight will need to eat fewer calories than someone who is obese.
What foods should someone with diabetes avoid?
A person with diabetes should avoid:
- High-sugar foods
- High-fat foods
- Carbohydrate-rich foods
- Gluten-containing foods
- Refined carbohydrates
- Processed carbohydrates
- Processed sugars
- Caffeinated drinks
- Alcoholic drinks
People with type 1 diabetes may need to avoid sweet foods.
What can a person who is overweight eat?
Someone with obesity may be able to eat a balanced diet.
The ADA recommends that people with obesity eat a diet that is rich in:
- Fruits and vegetables
- Lean protein
- Low-fat dairy
People who are overweight or obese should eat fewer foods that are high in:
- Processed and fast foods
- Added sugar
What can someone who is underweight eat?
Someone who is underweight can eat a diet that is rich in:
- Vegetable and fruit oils
- Lean meats
- Non-starchy vegetable
These foods will help keep a person’s weight in the normal range.
People who are underweight should focus on eating:
- Fruits and veggies
- Fat-free dairy
- Low-fat or non-fat dairy
People with type 2 diabetes can also lose weight. However, it is important for them to be mindful of the amount they eat.
Having too much weight or too little weight can cause long-term health problems.
People with type 2 diabetes should see a dietitian before they make any changes to their diet.
There are also some people who can help them lose weight. These include:
- Registered dietitians
- Exercise professionals
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