If you have food poisoning, you may feel nauseous and have diarrhea. This is because the food poisoning toxins, such as the Norovirus, enter your body through your mouth and get into your bloodstream. Symptoms can last for several days.
People who are dehydrated are more likely to have severe symptoms of food poisoning. If you have a fever or vomiting, you should see a doctor as soon as you can. These complications are more likely to occur if you have diabetes.
What is the outlook for food poisoning?
The outlook for food poisoning is excellent if you receive treatment quickly. The symptoms of food poisoning usually resolve within 24 hours.
How is food poisoning treated?
The type of treatment you should receive depends on the cause and severity of the illness.
Food poisoning is usually treated with:
- Intravenous fluids
- Nausea medication
- Diarrhea medication
- Pain medication
- Fever medication
You should also:
- Drink plenty of fluids to help prevent dehydration.
- Eat only healthy, bland foods.
- Avoid foods that can be a food source for the food poisoning virus.
- If you are at risk for dehydration, you should drink plenty of fluids.
What is the best way to prevent food poisoning?
You can help prevent food poisoning by preparing and cooking meals carefully. Keep your food separate from other foods and make sure that all the ingredients are washed with clean water before use.
The following foods are a common cause of food poisoning:
- Raw or undercooked meats and seafood
- Unpasteurized milk or dairy products
- Unpasteurized juice
- Raw vegetables
- Unpasteurized fruit
- Undercooked foods
How can I prevent food poisoning?
You can help prevent food poisoning by:
- Washing your hands often
- Properly cooking foods
- Refrigerating foods
- Keeping your food separate from other foods
- Avoiding foods that can be a food source for food poisoning
Are there other causes of diarrhea?
There are several other causes of diarrhea that don’t involve food poisoning.
Viral gastroenteritis is a type of severe diarrhea that can be caused by a variety of viruses. Viral gastroenteritis is more common in children. Children often get diarrhea due to a virus that is spread by person-to-person contact.
Some types of viruses that can cause viral gastroenteritis include:
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis E
- Enteric adenovirus
- Enteric double-stranded RNA viruses
- Human bocavirus
- Food poisoning
Stress or anxiety
Stress or anxiety can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Stress can also increase your risk for some types of food poisoning.
If you have diarrhea, there are several home treatment options. Make sure you drink plenty of fluids to help prevent dehydration.
If you’re feeling stressed, you can:
- Relax by taking slow, deep breaths.
- Try to focus your thoughts on a relaxing activity, such as reading or listening to music.
- Consider talking with a mental health professional or counselor.
What to do if you’re vomiting?
If you’re vomiting, you should try to drink as many fluids as possible. Drink as much water or juice as you can. You should also try to avoid foods that contain caffeine, which can cause you to become dehydrated.
To keep from getting dehydrated, you should avoid:
- Caffeinated beverages
- Caffeine-containing foods, such as chocolate, tea, and coffee
- Foods that contain high levels of salt, such as seasoned salt shakers, pickles, and hot dogs
- Foods that contain high amounts of fat, such as fried foods and fatty foods (such as doughnuts and chocolate)
If you’re nauseated, you should lie down or sit down and try to relax. If you’re vomiting, you should try to stay hydrated. You should also try to drink as much water as possible.
What to do if you’re feverish?
If you’re feeling sick, it’s important to stay hydrated. You should also take any medicines that you’re prescribed to make sure that you’re feeling better.
If you’re feeling sick, you should:
- Drink lots of fluids, if possible.
- Avoid foods that can cause you to get sick, such as raw eggs and raw vegetables.
- Get plenty of rest.
When to call your doctor?
You should call your doctor if you have signs of food poisoning, such as:
- Abdominal pain
- Loss of appetite
You should also call your doctor if you have any of the following symptoms:
- Abdominal pain that doesn’t get better
- Persistent vomiting
- Swelling of the abdomen or legs
- Fever that’s higher than 103 F (39.5 C)
- Severe dehydration
- Shortness of breath
- Seizure or convulsions
- Muscle aches
- Headache that gets worse
What are the long-term complications of food poisoning?
Without treatment, food poisoning can lead to dehydration and malnutrition. Dehydration can cause a number of complications, such as:
- Difficulty urinating
- Low blood pressure
- Low blood sugar
- Kidney damage (nephritis)
Severe dehydration can lead to:
- Shallow breathing
The complications of food poisoning can be particularly serious in babies, older adults, and people with compromised immune systems.
What can I do to prevent a food poisoning outbreak from happening again?
There are several things that you can do to help prevent a food poisoning outbreak from happening again.
- Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water before preparing or eating food.
- Make sure that you store your food properly to prevent food poisoning.
- Wash fruits and vegetables before eating them.
- Keep your refrigerator and fridge temperature at 36 8 F (2 32 C).
- Make sure that your refrigerator is clean and that it has a tight door.
- Keep your refrigerator doors closed when you’re not using it.
- If your child has diarrhea, you should take him or her to the doctor right away. You should also call your doctor if your child’s fever is above 103 F (39.5 C) or if you have signs of dehydration.
- If you or your child have diarrhea, you should drink plenty of fluids and try to avoid foods that can cause you to get sick, such as raw eggs and raw vegetables.
- Make sure that you’ve got plenty of water in your home.
- Make sure that you’re taking all of your medicines as prescribed.
- If you or your child have symptoms of food poisoning, call your doctor right away.
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