A condition in which the bone growth around the base of the skull and the surrounding bony structures pushes the brain downward. This is commonly caused by brain tumors or by trauma.
This condition can affect children and adults. It’s called basilar skull and brain herniation (BSH).
Brain stem compression
The brain stem (or midbrain) is the portion of the brain that connects the cerebellum and the spinal cord.
This is the part of the brain that controls many of the body’s major functions, such as breathing, heart rate, and blood pressure.
A brain stem compression is a type of stroke, in which the brain stem is compressed.
Brain stem strokes can be life-threatening.
Sickle cell disease
Sickle cell disease is an inherited blood disorder that affects red blood cells.
Normally, red blood cells have a round shape. In people with sickle cell disease, red blood cells have a crescent shape.
This means they’re stiffer and can’t move as easily through the blood vessels. This can result in a decrease in blood flow to the brain and other parts of the body.
Sickle cell disease is a serious condition and can be fatal.
A tumor is a lump or swelling of cells in or on the body. Tumors can be benign (noncancerous) or cancerous (malignant).
Brain tumors are the most common solid tumor in the brain. They can occur anywhere in the brain.
Brain tumors can have many different causes, including:
- Tumors that form on the brain
- Brain infections, such as meningitis
- High blood pressure
- Lack of oxygen
- Vitamin B-12 deficiency
- Cocaine use
- Multiple sclerosis
- Radiation exposure
- Congenital brain tumors
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Other conditions
Tumors in the brain can cause:
- Visual issues
- Loss of motor skills
What’s the outlook for someone with a brain tumor?
Strokes and brain tumors are serious conditions. Both can cause life-threatening consequences.
Both conditions have high rates of cure and recovery.
Strokes and brain tumors can cause permanent damage to brain tissue, which can lead to disability.
However, they can also cause a significant reduction in symptoms and overall quality of life in many people.
The outlook for people with both conditions depends on the type of tumor, location, and extent of the damage.
The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) notes that people with brain tumors have a 5year survival rate of over 60 percent.
The outlook for people with strokes depends on the severity of the stroke, blood flow to the brain, and overall health.
How is this treated?
Strokes and brain tumors are both treatable and reversible conditions.
Treatment depends on the type of tumor and whether it has spread to other parts of the brain.
Treatment may include:
- Radiation therapy
- Corticosteroid medications
In rare instances, surgery is the only option.
If a brain tumor is causing pressure on the brain stem, a brain stem stroke also needs treatment.
How can someone prevent a stroke and brain tumor?
A stroke is a serious condition that can cause serious disability. However, there are steps you can take to prevent a stroke.
- Maintaining a healthy weight
- Not smoking
- Eating a balanced diet
- Getting regular exercise
- Maintaining good blood pressure and blood sugar levels
- Getting adequate sleep
- Focusing on your mental health
If you have a brain tumor, there are steps you can take to improve your quality of life. These include:
- Making time to relax
- Taking time for yourself
- Making time to be alone
- Learning how to cope with changes in your life
- Reducing stress and finding ways to relax
- Eating well
- Maintaining a healthy diet
It’s important to manage the risk factors for brain tumors and strokes.
- Eating a well-balanced diet
- Eating enough fruits and vegetables
- Eating foods from the Mediterranean diet
- Limiting alcohol and caffeine intake
- Avoiding exposure to secondhand smoke
- Avoiding exposure to toxic chemicals
- Getting ample sleep
- Stopping smoking
- Maintaining a healthy blood pressure
- Not having high blood pressure
- Reducing stress
What is the outlook for a person with a brain tumor?
Treatments for brain tumors vary depending on the person’s age and overall health.
People who have a brain tumor and aren’t experiencing any symptoms may have a better outlook than people with active tumors.
However, research shows that a large percentage of people with a brain tumor will experience some degree of symptoms and disability.
The outlook for people with a brain tumor depends on the location of the tumor, overall health, and the type of tumor.
Can a person live a normal life after a brain tumor?
If a brain tumor is completely removed, a person is likely to have a good outcome.
The size of the tumor and the extent of the damage to the brain tissue will determine the outlook.
People with a smaller tumor may be able to live a normal life. However, people with larger tumors may have trouble walking and talking.
For some people, the tumor may recur. This means the cancer can come back due to incomplete removal.
Brain tumors are a serious condition that needs to be closely monitored.
Can a person live with a brain tumor?
If the tumor is completely removed, a person may be able to live a normal life.
There are different types of brain tumors that can respond to treatment, including:
- Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM)
- Anaplastic astrocytoma
- Anaplastic oligodendroglioma
It’s important to remember that each person is different. Your doctor will determine the best course of treatment based on your overall health and other factors.
The outlook for a person with a brain tumor depends on the type of tumor and the extent of the damage to the brain tissue.
Brain tumors and strokes are two types of stroke that can affect the brain.
Both can cause serious long-term consequences depending on the location and type of tumor.
Both can be fatal if left untreated.
However, both can be treated and will likely respond well to treatment.
If someone has a brain tumor, they should contact their healthcare provider as soon as possible if they notice any of the following signs or symptoms:
- Persistent headaches
- Severe confusion
- Problems with memory or thinking
- Severe dizziness or balance issues
- Trouble walking or dizziness
- Severe weakness or numbness
- Severe vision problems
- Unexplained weight loss
- Seizures that don’t respond to treatment
- Persistent nausea and vomiting
- Severe pain or numbness
- Changes in vision
- Fever or chills
- Redness or swelling of the skin
- Call 911 or local emergency number
If someone notices any of these symptoms, they should contact their healthcare provider immediately
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