Cataract blue is a liquid solution used when cataract surgery is scheduled. This solution helps to maintain the shape and size of the eye during cataract surgery. It is a thick solution, so it may be injected into the eye before surgery.
Cataract blue may be used as part of the intraocular lens (IOL) implant procedure. In this procedure, the lens capsule is removed. The lens and other parts of the eye are then replaced with an IOL.
Cataract surgery is a safe and effective procedure that can be performed on many people. It is performed in an outpatient setting under general anesthesia.
Why it’s done?
Cataract surgery can be used to:
- Remove cataracts
- Replace cataracts with an IOL
- Repair a cataract that’s not fully removing an underlying cataract
- Treat secondary cataracts, which can develop as a result of an underlying cataract
It also can be performed if cataracts are causing:
In some cases, a cataract that’s too large can cause astigmatism. Cataract surgery can correct astigmatism.
People with diabetes also may need cataract surgery to manage problems such as problems with blood vessels, which can lead to retinal detachment, macular degeneration, and vision loss.
How to prepare?
Tell your doctor if you have any of the following:
- Bleeding disorders
- History of eye infections
- Any eye disease or injury
- Heart problems
- Kidney disease
Don’t take any medicines, including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), blood thinners, or herbal supplements, for at least 1 week before your surgery.
You may also need to stop taking certain medicines, including:
- Coumadin (warfarin)
- Clopidogrel (Plavix)
- Prilosec (omeprazole)
- Warfarin (Coumadin)
If you’re taking a blood thinner, your doctor will need to adjust the dose before you undergo cataract surgery. Talk with your doctor before starting any new medicines.
What can I expect?
Cataract surgery is performed in an outpatient setting under general anesthesia.
You may be awake during the procedure, but you may not remember any of it. Your surgeon will apply eye drops to keep your eyes moist.
During the surgery, you may be awake or sedated. You may receive local anesthesia or general anesthesia.
If you’re sedated, you will be unconscious and in a deep sleep for the procedure. You may be given a general anesthetic or a local anesthetic. Local anesthesia is usually used when you’re at a high risk of bleeding.
The surgery can be performed with one eye or both eyes. The surgery is usually done using a blade or a laser.
How do I prepare for cataract surgery?
Tell your doctor if you:
- Are pregnant
- Have a bleeding disorder or are taking blood thinners
- Have an eye infection
- Have a history of eye injury
You may need to stop taking certain medicines before your surgery. These include:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
- Blood thinners
Also, you may need to stop taking any medications that can cause bleeding in the eye or that can make your blood thinner. These include:
- Blood-thinning medications like warfarin
- Blood-thinning medications like clopidogrel (Plavix)
- Blood thinners such as warfarin (Coumadin)
- Statins such as atorvastatin (Lipitor)
Tell your doctor if you’re taking any of the following:
- Medicines that thin the blood
- Medicines that help thin the blood
- Medicines that make blood clot better
What happens during cataract surgery?
The surgery is performed while you’re under general anesthesia. You’ll be awake but sedated.
Your surgeon will insert a sterile needle into your eye. Then, they’ll remove the lens and any remaining lens capsule.
Next, your surgeon will insert a probe or another instrument into your eye and use it to perform the cataract surgery.
The procedure is performed in 2 parts.
First, the surgeon will remove the cloudy cataract. They’ll then clean and reshape the eye. If the cataract is too big to remove with a laser, the surgeon may suction the cataract out during the procedure.
During this part of the procedure, you may feel pressure or pain. This is normal.
Next, the surgeon will replace the cloudy cataract with an intraocular lens (IOL). In this procedure, the surgeon will put the cloudy cataract into an eye cup. The IOL will be inserted after the cloudy cataract has been removed.
Then, the procedure is repeated on the other eye. This may require a few hours.
How successful is cataract surgery?
Cataract surgery is a safe procedure that leads to a high level of visual improvement.
After cataract surgery, most people can drive again and most can work normally.
The success of cataract surgery also depends on the type of anesthesia used, how the surgery is performed, and how well the surgeon performs the procedure.
What are the risks?
Cataract surgery is a safe procedure with a low risk of complications. The risk is higher if you have a bleeding disorder or take blood-thinning medications before the surgery.
The risk of complications is higher if a laser or other device is used to perform the surgery.
The risk of complications is also higher if you have a history of eye problems, such as retinal detachment, macular degeneration, and glaucoma.
What are the results?
Cataract surgery can be successful for most people.
Most people have a good outcome after cataract surgery.
However, there are some reasons why cataract surgery doesn’t work well or may not work at all:
- The cloudiness of the cataract can be too large to remove.
- The cataract is too large to remove with lasers or other devices.
- The cataract is too far from the eye to be removed with a laser.
What is the long-term outlook?
Most people who undergo cataract surgery will have some degree of improvement in their vision or vision loss.
However, you may have some degree of vision loss even after cataract surgery. Cataract surgery is a procedure that does not repair vision loss. This can be an important consideration when deciding to have cataract surgery.
The long-term outlook depends on several factors, including:
- The age of the person
- The level of vision loss at diagnosis
- How well your vision improves after surgery
Cataract surgery can improve or even eliminate vision loss. It doesn’t repair vision loss.
If you have cataracts that can’t be removed with cataract surgery or the cataract is too large to remove with a laser, you may need surgery to replace the cloudy lens with an intraocular lens (IOL).
Cataract surgery doesn’t cause a new problem. However, some people may have complications.
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