You will have a blood test before your surgery to check your white blood cells and platelets and to measure your blood sugar level.
Some people need to have blood tests before they have surgery, but this is not common. Your doctor will discuss the best time for you to have the tests with you before surgery. If you have a high risk of bleeding, you may need to have a different test.
What do I need to do before oral surgery?
There are some things you can do to prepare for your surgery. Ask your doctor when you should start to prepare.
- Stop taking any medications that you take by mouth, such as blood thinners.
- Stop taking all vitamin supplements, including vitamin K.
- Stop smoking. Cigarettes and other forms of tobacco can cause bleeding and swelling in your mouth.
- Eat a high-protein diet. Your body needs protein to heal and build new blood cells. It also needs protein to help your body absorb calcium and magnesium.
- Stop drinking alcohol for 24 hours before the surgery. It can increase your risk of bleeding.
- Take any pre-operative medications that your doctor prescribes.
What happens during oral surgery?
During your procedure, your doctor will use special instruments and techniques to remove your wisdom teeth. The type of surgery you have depends on how many teeth you need to remove.
- Extraction. Your doctor will remove the wisdom teeth by using special instruments and surgical techniques.
- Removing impacted wisdom teeth. Your doctor may remove the wisdom teeth with a dental drill or a surgical tool that is specially designed for that purpose.
- Removing impacted wisdom teeth with forceps. This is sometimes called a forceps surgery, and it is used to remove large wisdom teeth.
How do I get ready for oral surgery?
You may be asked to do the following things at home on the day of your surgery:
- Stop smoking for 24 hours before the surgery.
- Stop drinking alcohol.
- Stop taking blood thinners, if needed. Ask your doctor if you have a high risk of bleeding.
- Take any medications you will need to take before the surgery.
- Ask your doctor what tests you should have before your surgery.
- Bring a family member or friend to take care of you or stay with you for the entire surgery.
- Take any prescription or over-the-counter medications you are taking.
- Ask your doctor if you need to avoid certain foods before the surgery.
- Bring a caregiver with you to help you the entire time.
- Bring a list of questions to your doctor before the surgery.
- Wear comfortable clothing.
- Bring a family member or friend to drive you home after surgery.
The day of your surgery
On the day of your surgery, you will be awake but very sleepy. You may need to take prescription medications.
- Take any medications that your doctor prescribes.
- Have someone drive you home.
- Tell your caregiver what to do if you are vomiting or dizzy.
- Bring a list of questions to your doctor.
What happens after oral surgery?
After your surgery, you may feel pain and swelling in your mouth. You may also have bleeding or drainage at the surgical site. The blood may be green or yellow. You may have a fever, which is a sign of infection.
You will be able to eat and drink normally. You may have some soreness and bruising for a few days.
What can I expect during recovery?
Recovery time will depend on the type of surgery and how quickly you have recovered from anesthesia.
You will probably be able to drive yourself home after surgery. You will not be able to walk until a walking frame can be made.
Once you are home, you will need someone to help with the physical recovery, and you will need to take pain medications.
- Try to keep your mouth moist and clean.
- Eat soft foods and drink plenty of fluids.
- Use a straw when you drink.
- Ask your doctor if you should receive antibiotics before and after the surgery.
You will probably have some soreness at the surgical site for a few days.
You should be able to eat and drink normally after surgery. You may want to limit the amount of liquids you drink.
- Ask your doctor when you can resume eating and drinking.
- When you can start driving, ask your doctor when you can drive.
When should I call my doctor?
If you have any concerns about your oral surgery or the recovery, call your doctor.
How do I prevent oral surgery?
You can help prevent oral surgery complications by being aware of your health history and follow your doctor’s instructions.
In addition, you can do the following to reduce the risk of complications:
Talk with your dentist before the procedure to make sure the surgery is a good fit for you.
Ask if your dentist has any special instructions for you. For example, they might want you to avoid alcohol, tobacco, and certain medications before the surgery.
Ask your dentist if you need to take any pain medications before the surgery.
What are my options after oral surgery?
Once you are home, you will need to keep your mouth clean and dry and avoid biting your tongue or cheek.
You will not be able to eat or drink until a walking frame can be made. Your doctor will advise you when you can start driving.
You may be able to smoke after the surgery, but only in the short term. The American Dental Association recommends that you stop smoking for at least one month after surgery.
Some people may need to take antibiotics before and after the surgery. People who need antibiotics for at least two weeks after surgery may need to take them for a longer period.
You will not be able to drive for at least two weeks after surgery.
How do I care for my mouth after oral surgery?
Rest and avoid eating until you can drive. Ask your doctor when you can do this.
Your doctor will give you instructions for the care of your surgical site.
- Do not use a straw for a few days.
- You will need to see your dentist as soon as possible for a check-up.
- Oral surgery is a common procedure.
- Oral surgery is also called a “snoring operation.”
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