If you’ve been having cold symptoms for more than two weeks, your doctor might want to check your blood sugar and kidney function.
If you’re having any symptoms of diabetes, ask your doctor for a fasting blood sugar test. This is when you don’t have any food or drink in the last two hours.
How to lower high blood pressure?
Managing high blood pressure may involve medication and lifestyle changes.
The first step in lowering high blood pressure is to prevent it from occurring in the first place.
To do this, your doctor will talk to you about your current and past health. They’ll also ask about your family history. They’ll check to see if you have any risk factors for high blood pressure, such as:
- A family history of high blood pressure
If you have a family history of high blood pressure or diabetes, you might need to take medications for both. You may also need to take medications for high cholesterol and high triglycerides.
If your blood pressure is high due to an inherited condition, you may need to make lifestyle changes. You can do these at home or in a medical setting.
A doctor can give you advice on eating a healthy diet and exercising.
A doctor can also recommend a weight loss program if you’re overweight or obese. A dietitian can help you create a healthy meal plan and a plan for exercise.
If you have high blood pressure and already have a dietitian, your doctor might recommend that you work with a dietitian for at least 6 months to see if you can successfully lose weight.
If you want to make changes to your diet, you can do so for the next few weeks.
Once you’ve made some changes to your diet, your doctor can help you see if your blood pressure is still high or if your weight is still too high.
You might need to make lifestyle changes for the rest of your life.
If lifestyle changes aren’t enough, your doctor can prescribe medications that can help you control your blood pressure.
High blood pressure can damage your blood vessels and cause high cholesterol. Medications work to lower cholesterol levels. This reduces your chance of having a heart attack or stroke.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a condition that causes your body to produce high amounts of sugar (glucose) in your blood. This means your blood sugar levels are higher than normal.
There are two types of diabetes:
- Type 1 diabetes. This form of diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which your body attacks and destroys the cells in your pancreas that make insulin.
- Type 2 diabetes. This form of diabetes is a metabolic disorder. Your body doesn’t use insulin properly, so it can’t regulate blood sugar levels.
You can develop diabetes as an adult or in adulthood.
The American Diabetes Association estimates that more than 24 million people in the United States have diabetes.
What are the symptoms of high blood pressure?
High blood pressure often causes no symptoms. However, if you have high blood pressure, you might have symptoms of:
- Feeling tired
- Feeling irritable
- Having blurry vision
- Feeling numbness in your hands and feet
- Having a cough
- Having a heart attack or stroke
- Having a stroke
What is the outlook for high blood pressure?
Your outlook will depend on the cause of your high blood pressure and how well you follow your treatment plan.
People with high blood pressure who have a family history of high blood pressure are more likely to have a heart attack or stroke. Medications can help you control your blood pressure.
If you have high blood pressure that’s not caused by an inherited condition, you’re less likely to have a heart attack or stroke. However, your chance of having a heart attack or stroke increases with age.
If you already have high blood pressure, you’re more likely to have a stroke as you get older.
The American Heart Association recommends that people with high blood pressure make lifestyle changes and seek treatment if they have symptoms such as:
- Blurry vision
- A cough
- A heart attack
- Feeling weak
- Feeling short of breath
- Having a heart attack
If you have high blood pressure and have a family history of high blood pressure or diabetes, you may need to take medications for both.
You may also need to take medication for high cholesterol and high triglycerides.
Lifestyle changes can help lower your blood pressure. A doctor can help you make these decisions.
Lifestyle changes that can help control your blood pressure are:
- Eating a healthy diet.
- Eating less salt.
- Exercise more.
- Not smoking.
- Managing your alcohol intake.
- Limiting your weight.
- Limiting your caffeine intake.
Medications can help you manage your blood pressure. Your doctor can prescribe medications for you.
Medications that you can take for high blood pressure include:
- Diuretics. These medications cause your body to expel fluid through your urine.
- Beta blockers. These medications can help lower your blood pressure.
- Calcium channel blockers. These medications can lower your blood pressure and help treat heart failure.
Treatment for high blood pressure depends on the cause. If you have a genetic condition, you may need to take medications for the rest of your life.
If you don’t have a genetic condition, you may need to take medications for the rest of your lifetime.
If you already have high blood pressure, you may need to take medications for the rest of your lifespan.
High blood pressure can cause many of the same symptoms that diabetes does, such as:
- Feeling tired or sleepy
- Having a hard time concentrating
- Having blurred vision
- Having frequent urination
- Having a fast heart rate
High blood pressure is a risk factor for heart disease and stroke. If you have high blood pressure, it’s important to have your blood
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