If you miss a treatment or if you are unable to attend all scheduled dialysis sessions, you may be asked to reschedule your dialysis treatment.
If a medical emergency occurs, please call 911 immediately.
What are the risks of dialysis?
Complications associated with hemodialysis include:
- Graft failure
- Venous thrombosis
- Vascular access infection
- Tissue necrosis
- Allergic reaction
- Tumor lysis syndrome
Dialysis access problems and complications may require surgical repair or removal of the access.
What are the benefits of dialysis?
There are many benefits to hemodialysis. It can be life-saving.
- Dialysis is used in the treatment of some kidney failure that is otherwise fatal.
- Dialysis allows the removal of toxins that are not removed by the kidneys.
- Dialysis can be used as a bridge to kidney transplant.
- Dialysis can be used in patients who have received a kidney transplant and in those who require hemodialysis after an organ transplant.
- Dialysis can prolong life in patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) and in patients with acute renal failure.
- Dialysis allows patients to live in their own homes and to take part in their own activities.
Who is a candidate for hemodialysis?
There are certain health conditions that prevent patients from being candidates for hemodialysis, such as:
- Kidney failure
- History of bleeding
- Severe anemia
- Severe infection
- Heart failure
- Cardiac arrhythmias
- Severe liver disease
- Severe pulmonary disease
- Severe thyroid disease
What should I expect during dialysis?
Dialysis is a process that cleans the blood of toxins, removes waste products, and provides nutrition to the body. It is performed in a hospital or dialysis center.
During dialysis, you will be connected to a machine that cleanses the blood. The machine will pump out the blood. The blood is then returned back into the body and re-oxygenated.
The time that it takes to perform dialysis varies according to the severity of the kidney failure.
How should I prepare for dialysis?
Prior to your treatment, you will be asked to stop taking certain medications, such as blood thinners.
Dialysis will be performed on an empty stomach. This will help you avoid nausea.
Before your treatment, you will be asked to remove any jewelry or other metallic objects from your body. You will also be asked to wear loose, comfortable clothing.
If you are receiving hemodialysis at the hospital, you will be asked to change into a gown and to remove any jewelry.
You should not eat or drink for at least 4 hours prior to your treatment. This will help ensure that your body is well-hydrated.
How is hemodialysis performed?
Hemodialysis is performed in a dialysis center. Dialysis itself is a process that cleanses the blood and removes waste products. The dialysis machine pumps the blood from the body and returns it to the body.
The machine is divided into 2 chambers: a blood chamber and a dialysate chamber. Blood enters the blood chamber, and the dialysate chamber removes toxins and waste products from the blood. The blood is then returned back into the body.
There are 2 types of hemodialysis:
- Short’ circuit hemodialysis (SCH) requires only the blood chamber of the dialysis machine.
- Long-circuit hemodialysis requires both the blood and dialysate chambers of the dialysis machine.
Your treatment will be performed in a dialysis center, either in a hemodialysis machine or a peritoneal dialysis machine.
What are the side effects of hemodialysis?
Dialysis is a process that cleanses the blood of toxins, removes waste products, and provides nutrition to the body. It’s important to note that the side effects of this process can last for several hours or even days.
Common side effects of dialysis include:
- Urinary tract infection
- Erectile dysfunction
- Changes in taste
- Fluid overload
- Muscle cramps
Some of these side effects are temporary and resolve over time. However, some side effects may last for a few days.
Some of these side effects are not reversible. You may experience side effects even after you have completed your treatment.
Other side effects may include:
- Blurred vision
- Chest pain
- Swelling of hands or feet
- Changes in vision
- Difficulty in urinating
Dialysis may also cause the following:
- Kidney stones
- Kidney infections
- Allergic reactions
What are the complications of hemodialysis?
Complications of dialysis are more common in patients with chronic kidney disease. They may include:
- High blood pressure
- Blood clots
- Cardiovascular disease
Dialysis can also cause a loss of appetite.
What is the long-term outlook with hemodialysis?
Dialysis is a life-saving procedure that can extend the life of people with kidney disease.
However, it is extremely important that you follow your doctor’s instructions and that you have regular checkups.
Dialysis can also increase the risk of heart disease, kidney disease, and blindness.
It is important that you continue to follow your treatment plan to prevent complications. Your doctor can help you with this.
What is the role of diet in hemodialysis?
Dialysis is performed on an empty stomach. This will help you avoid side effects such as vomiting and diarrhea.
Eating a little before your hemodialysis treatment can help you avoid these side effects.
You may also need to avoid certain foods before your treatment. These include:
- Beans and other legumes, including navy, kidney, pinto, and black
- Alcoholic beverages
- Foods that contain salt, such as dried fruit, salty snacks, crackers, and salt-free foods
You may need to try a low-salt diet for a few weeks before your treatment to see if it affects your treatment. If it does, you may need to continue a low-salt diet after your treatment.
What foods should I eat?
You should eat a balanced diet as you prepare for dialysis. This will help you maintain your weight and avoid nutritional deficiencies.
Eating a diet high in protein, fruits, and vegetables can help you maintain your weight and fight any nutritional deficiencies.
You may also wish to eat a low-fat diet, as you may not be able to eat for several hours while your treatment is being performed.
You may also wish to drink a low-salt diet before your treatment. This will help keep you from experiencing electrolyte imbalances.
What is dialysis?
Dialysis is a process that cleanses the blood and removes waste products.
Hemodialysis is the process of removing waste products from the blood. It is usually performed on an empty stomach.
This is different from hemodialysis, which is performed in a dialysis center.
What kind of dialysis is needed?
There are 2 types of dialysis:
- Hemodialysis: This is the process of removing waste products from the blood. It is performed in a dialysis center.
- Peritoneal dialysis: This process is performed in a peritoneal dialysis machine. Your doctor will suggest a type that is right for you.
What is the difference between hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis?
Both hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis remove waste products from the blood.
However, peritoneal dialysis is preferred by some doctors. Peritoneal dialysis does not require you to eat prior to treatment.
In addition, peritoneal dialysis requires you to drink a prescribed diet. The diet is high in protein and low in sodium.
Hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis are life-saving treatments that can extend the lives of people with kidney disease.
Dialysis may also cause complications, such as high blood pressure, infections, and loss of appetite.
It is important that you follow your treatment plan to avoid complications.
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