Cancer is a collection of abnormal cells that grow out of control. The normal cells in the body have a way of fighting off the abnormal cells, but too many abnormal cells can crowd out the normal ones, causing cancer to develop.
Cancer can be caused by a number of different factors, including aging, diet, and heredity. Cancer can also be caused by exposure to substances such as radiation or chemicals.
The treatment of cancer depends on the type of cancer. Cancer that has spread to other parts of the body has a different treatment plan than cancer that has not spread.
The most common treatment options for cancer include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation.
Surgery involves removing the abnormal cells and tissue from the body. This is often done in conjunction with other treatments, such as chemotherapy or radiation.
Surgery involves a number of different steps. First, a surgeon removes the tumor, or the abnormal cells and tissue. It is done by making an incision in the skin and removing the tumor.
The surgeon then places a covering over the wound, such as a skin graft, and proceeds with the rest of the treatment.
Chemotherapy is a drug treatment that can kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy drugs enter the blood and reach the abnormal cells in the body. These drugs help keep the abnormal cells from growing out of control.
Chemotherapy drugs are given in different ways. These drugs can be injected directly into the blood or taken by mouth. These drugs can also be given in liquid form.
Chemotherapy drugs are generally given for several weeks. The treatment stops when the abnormal cells show signs of death, such as a change in size or color.
Radiation is another form of cancer treatment that can help kill cancer cells. This type of treatment uses high-energy rays to kill cancer cells.
Radiation treatment is often used in conjunction with surgery to destroy cancer cells. Because radiation travels through the body, it usually has to be given in concentrated doses to be effective. The treatment is often given in a hospital and takes less than an hour.
There are different types of radiation treatment. These treatments are used in combination with chemotherapy or surgery to destroy cancer cells.
Radiation therapy works by directing high-energy rays at the abnormal cells. The rays are absorbed by the abnormal cells, causing them to die. The radiation may also make the surrounding normal cells die as well.
When cancer cells have been destroyed, the surgeon removes the area of the body that was treated. This process is called a surgery-radiation chemoradiation therapy (S-CRT) or a surgery-radiation therapy (S-RT) procedure.
Chemotherapy and radiation may be given before surgery or after surgery. This combination treatment is called concurrent chemoradiation (CCRT).
Chemotherapy and radiation may also be given before surgery and after surgery. This combination treatment is called adjuvant chemoradiation (ACRT).
Side effects of treatment
Side effects depend on the type of treatment and the severity of the condition.
Side effects of chemotherapy include:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Hair loss
- Mouth sores
- Loss of appetite
Side effects of radiation therapy include:
- Skin changes, such as burns and skin irritation
- Hearing loss
- Short’ or long-term memory loss
Patients who get radiation therapy may also be concerned about their risk of cancer. However, the risk from radiation treatment is very small and decreases with the length of treatment.
Prevention of cancer is possible. People can help prevent cancer by living a healthy lifestyle.
The following tips can help prevent cancer:
- Eat a healthy, balanced diet.
- Get enough exercise.
- Avoid smoking.
- Stay in good health.
These tips do not apply to everyone, and some people may develop cancer regardless of their lifestyle.
If someone has been diagnosed with cancer, and they have any concerns about their cancer diagnosis, they should talk to their doctor. They can refer them to a cancer specialist.
In addition, people can look for support groups and resources to help them cope with cancer.
Helping a friend or family member cope with cancer can be an important part of the treatment.
People should talk to their doctor before starting any new treatment. They should also talk to their partner or family to make sure they understand the treatment plan and any side effects.
People should also talk to their doctor if they have any concerns about the side effects they are having.
Outcome of cancer
People with cancer can look forward to a better quality of life as they recover.
However, cancer can still be very serious and life-threatening. In addition, some cancers can return even after treatment.
Some cancers are very rare and are not common. However, the risk they pose is still important to discuss with a doctor.
Cancer can take a long time to develop. It may take several years to find the cancer, a few months to treat it, and several years to completely cure it.
The survival rates for some types of cancer are higher than for others. These survival rates are based on the type of cancer, stage, and location of the cancer.
For example, the 5year survival rate for people with cervical cancer is 94 percent. However, the 10year survival rate is only around 76 percent.
Outcome for cancer
Survival rates are important to consider when talking about cancer.
Survival rates are based on the type of cancer, stage, and location of the cancer.
Cancer survival rates are based on the following factors:
- Type of cancer: This is the main factor. For example, the survival rate for someone with breast cancer is higher than the survival rate for someone with melanoma.
- Stage: Survival rates can vary based on the stage of the cancer.
- Location: Survival rates can vary depending on where the cancer is and if it has spread from the start.
The 5year survival rate for a specific type of cancer depends on a few different factors. These factors include the following:
- Age: Survival rates tend to be lower for older adults than younger adults.
- Type of cancer: Survival rates tend to be higher for lymphoma than for other types.
- Survival rate: Survival rates tend to be lower for a specific type of cancer than for another type of cancer.
- Location: Survival rates tend to be higher for certain types of cancer than for others.
People with certain types of cancer have a higher survival rate than people with other types of cancer. This is because they are more likely to be diagnosed at a later stage.
A cancer diagnosis is a difficult time. However, with the help of a knowledgeable doctor and the right treatment, people with cancer can get well again.
The Cancer Council of Western Australia does not provide cancer treatment advice. It is intended for use in Australia only and is not intended for use in the United States, Canada, or other countries. It is also not intended as a substitute for medical advice.
The information provided through The Cancer Council WA website is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
If you are concerned about a health condition, please contact your local health clinic or call our 24/7 helpline on 1800 66 00 66.
The Cancer Council of Western Australia is supporting you.
The information on this site is not official government information and may be incorrect. Please always consult your government and official information sources.
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