Tizanidine is a prescription medication that can cause dry mouth and a runny nose.
It does this by acting on the nerve endings in the nerves that control your salivary glands. These glands help produce saliva, which is a key part of your mucus membranes.
Tizanidine blocks the activity of acetylcholine receptors, which are responsible for the effects of acetylcholine. Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter that’s involved in many important aspects of your body, including the regulation of your salivary glands.
It also blocks the effects of histamine, which is a neurotransmitter that’s involved in many important aspects of your body, including your immune system.
The anticholinergic effects of tizanidine can lead to dry mouth. This dry mouth can make it harder to eat or drink. It can also make you more susceptible to infections, such as the common cold.
Other side effects
Tizanidine can cause other side effects, including:
- Tingling or burning sensations in your hands, feet, or neck
- Reduced blood flow
- A feeling of heaviness in your head
- A headache
- A rash
These side effects are more common in larger doses.
It’s best to talk with your doctor about any side effects you have, even if they’re mild.
It’s also important to let your doctor know if you have a history of drug abuse or addiction. You may need to be monitored more closely if you’ve tried to quit using drugs before.
Tizanidine is a prescription drug. It’s available as an injection or as an oral tablet.
If you’re taking the oral tablet, you should talk with your doctor about the best dosage for you. Your doctor will give you a specific dosage to take based on your weight.
Tizanidine can potentially cause drug interactions. Your doctor will tell you if it’s safe for you to take any other drugs with tizanidine.
When to see your doctor?
If you have any side effects, talk with your doctor. You may be able to use tizanidine safely if you take it at the lowest possible dosage.
It’s important to let your doctor know if you have a history of drug abuse. You may need to be monitored more closely if you’ve tried to stop using drugs before.
Tizanidine is also a drug with a black box warning. This means it may have serious side effects. These can include:
- Severe skin reactions
- Confusion related to memory
Your doctor will be able to help you decide if tizanidine is a good option for you. They can also tell you about other options that may be safer or more effective.
Other ways to control pain
Treatments for pain may also help reduce the symptoms of tizanidine.
Other treatment options include:
- Anticonvulsants: These drugs can help reduce pain by reducing seizures.
Acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: These drugs can reduce the pain and inflammation caused by tizanidine.Physical therapy and massage: Physical therapy and massage can help stretch and strengthen your muscles. This can help reduce the effects of tizanidine.
Steroid injections: These help reduce swelling and inflammation.
These treatments can have side effects, so be sure to talk with your doctor about any treatment options.
When to seek emergency care?
If you have any of the following symptoms, call 911 or go to the hospital right away.
- Extreme muscle spasms or muscle weakness
- A severe headache
- Fever or chills
- Chest pain or pressure
- Trouble breathing
- Confusion or trouble speaking
- A seizure
- Extreme drowsiness
How to take tizanidine?
Tizanidine comes as an injection. Injections or subcutaneous injections in your buttocks, thighs, or lower back are most often used.
You’ll need to give yourself the injections at home. Follow these steps to give yourself the injections:
- Wash your hands with soap and water.
- Remove the outer bandage from your injection site.
- Wash your hands again.
- Remove the outer bandage.
- Use a new needle or a second, sterile needle to give yourself an injection.
- Close the injection site with a bandage.
Talk with your doctor about your exact instructions for giving yourself the injections.
The dosage for tizanidine varies. It can take up to a week to start working.
Your doctor will give you a specific dosage based on your weight. They’ll also give you other instructions.
These instructions may include:
- How often you give yourself the injection.
- Where you give yourself the injections.
- When you give yourself the injections.
- How to store the injection.
- What to do if you need to go to the bathroom.
- What to do if you have side effects.
- What to do if you have other symptoms.
If you’re taking the oral tablet, your doctor may suggest a lower dosage. They’ll also give you other specific instructions.
The dosage for tizanidine is based on your weight. The following dosage is typical for children and teenagers between 6 and 12 years old. For adults, the typical dosage is 5 mg per day.
Your doctor will give you specific instructions for the following dosages:
- 2.2 mg per kilogram (kg) of your body weight.
- 2.3 mg per kg for children and teenagers.
- 2.5 mg per kg for adults.
Talk with your doctor about the dosage that’s right for you.
If you have any questions about your injections, talk with your doctor.
What are the side effects of tizanidine?
The side effects and risks of tizanidine vary. They include:
- Dizziness. You may have dizziness or lightheadedness when you first start taking tizanidine or when you increase your dosage.
Tizanidine is a prescription medication used to treat muscle spasms. It’s an opioid pain reliever.
Tizanidine is available in two different forms: an injection and a tablet. The injection is given via a small needle. The tablet is taken once per day.
Talk with your doctor about the dosage and how often you should take it. Discuss any side effects you have and what to do if you have them
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