A burning sensation in your hand or face is a symptom of stroke. It’s called a Stroke on the Brain or a Stroke of the Hand. Stroke on the Brain is the most common form of stroke.
A stroke is a medical emergency. Call 911 immediately.
The symptoms of a stroke are varied depending on the location of the stroke and the amount of damage.
Common symptoms of a stroke include:
- Sudden numbness, tingling or weakness in your face, arm or leg, especially on one side of your body
- Sudden trouble speaking or understanding others
- Sudden trouble with vision or balance
- Sudden confusion
- Sudden dizziness or loss of consciousness
- Slurred speech or trouble understanding speech
- Slurred or unusual movements of your face, arms or legs
- Sudden problems with memory
- Sudden difficulty with vision
- Sudden difficulty with coordination
- Sudden trouble with balance
Symptoms of severe stroke may include:
- Sudden trouble with speaking or understanding others
Some people may not experience any symptoms at all.
A stroke is a serious medical condition that requires immediate medical attention.
Stroke is the fifth leading cause of death in the United States. It’s estimated that each year about 795,000 Americans have a stroke.
Stroke is usually caused by a problem with the blood vessels that supply the brain or the clotting of blood vessel in the brain.
When blood flow to the brain is decreased, the brain can become?
A stroke can happen to anyone, at any age.
Strokes can happen at any time. The American Stroke Association has estimated that one-third of all strokes happen every year in the United States.
Types of stroke
There are many types of stroke. Some cause more symptoms and damage than others.
A small stroke is one that only causes a small area of damage.
- A moderate stroke has a larger area of damage.
- A large stroke has a larger area of damage and causes more trouble.
Causes of stroke
Strokes are most often caused by a blood clot in your brain.
- A small stroke is caused by a blood clot in a small area of your brain.
- A moderate sized stroke is caused by a blood clot in a larger area of your brain.
- A large stroke is caused by a blood clot in more than one area of your brain.
Sometimes strokes are caused by a problem with a blood vessel.
- A blood vessel in the brain may rupture, causing a stroke.
- A clot can form in a artery or vein that supplies blood to your brain. It can block blood flow to the brain.
- A blood clot in the heart can break off and move to the brain.
Strokes can also be caused by:
- A heart attack.
- High blood pressure.
- High cholesterol.
- Stroke, heart attack or high blood pressure.
- A defect in the blood vessels in the brain.
- A problem with the way the brain absorbs nutrients.
- Problems with the way the brain uses blood.
How is a stroke diagnosed?
If you have any symptoms of a stroke, your doctor will ask about them and do a physical exam. They may want to know:
- When the symptoms started
- What happened before the symptoms started
- How long you’ve had symptoms
- How the symptoms are affecting your daily life
- How the symptoms are different from other times in the past and how often they happen
Your doctor will do a neurological exam to check your mental status. They will try to determine if you’re having a stroke.
Diagnosis of a stroke can be challenging. The most common test used to diagnose a stroke is called a CT scan. An MRI can be used in some cases.
Other tests may be used to help confirm the stroke diagnosis.
How is a stroke treated?
There are several treatment options depending on the type and location of the stroke.
- Thrombolysis. This is a procedure that stops the blood clot from forming. It can be used for a stroke that’s causing a stroke or an ischemic stroke.
- Thrombectomy. This is a procedure that opens blocked blood vessels. It can be used for a stroke that’s causing a stroke or a transient ischemic attack (TIA).
- Endovascular therapy. This is a procedure to open blocked blood vessels. It can be used for a stroke that’s causing a stroke or a TIA.
What are possible complications of stroke?
The complications of a stroke depend on the location of the stroke.
- Brain hemorrhage. The stroke may cause bleeding in the brain.
- Brain herniation. This is a sudden movement of part of the brain into the space between the brain and the skull.
- Brain swelling. This is swelling of the brain.
- Hydrocephalus. This is when the fluid in the brain becomes too large and builds up.
- Stroke, high blood pressure, heart attack. These can be complications of a stroke.
- Stroke, heart attack, high blood pressure, diabetes. These can be complications of a heart or blood vessel problem.
When should you see a doctor?
- You have a stroke.
- Your symptoms are getting worse.
- You have a new headache.
- You have a headache that lasts more than 4 hours.
- You’ve had a stroke.
When should you go to the emergency room?
If you see signs of a stroke such as weakness on one side of the body or slurred speech, go to the emergency room.
- You have symptoms of a stroke.
- You have difficulty speaking.
What is the outlook?
The outlook for stroke depends on the type of stroke.
- A small stroke is likely to cause no problems.
- A moderate stroke may cause problems that don’t affect the brain.
- A large stroke will cause problems in the brain.
A small stroke can be treated. A moderate stroke can usually be treated. A large stroke is usually treated with an operation.
Most people who have a stroke don’t have long-term problems.
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