There haven’t been any studies performed on whether people with IBD can eat certain types of fish.
Tilapia is also a popular food in Asia, so you may not have any issues with eating fish in Asian countries. You can also eat tilapia in the United States.
If you’re planning on eating tilapia, it’s important to know that it contains a large amount of purines. Purines and purine-rich foods are linked to IBD.
Purines are the compounds that give fish its fishy smell. People with IBD can have an increased risk for purine-rich foods, and this risk can increase with the severity of IBD.
Purine-rich foods include:
- Organ meats
This risk can be increased in people with ulcerative colitis (UC) or Crohn’s disease (CD), which are both inflammatory bowel diseases.
Purine-rich foods like these are common in Asian cuisine.
Some people with IBD may also have an increased risk of gout and kidney stones.
Can people with IBD eat shrimp?
Shrimp contains a small amount of purine, but it’s not likely to cause IBD.
Although shrimps are a common food in Asia, there’s no indication that it causes IBD.
What about other types of fish?
Is it safe for people with IBD to take fish oil supplements?
Doctors generally recommend that people with IBD avoid fish oil supplements. Fish oil may contain purines, and they’re linked to IBD.
Fish oil may also be harmful in people with underlying conditions that can cause IBD, such as celiac disease.
People with IBD should also avoid seafoods that contain high levels of mercury.
What can people with IBD eat instead?
People with IBD can usually eat a variety of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
You can also eat:
- Lean meats
- Fish and shellfish
- Whole-grain breads and pastas
You should also avoid:
- Processed meats
- High-fat dairy
- Fast foods
- Sugary foods
How to eat fish safely?
If you have IBD, you should avoid certain fish.
There are some fish that you may be able to eat:
Some people may also be able to eat shrimp.
If you eat these fish, you should pay close attention to the levels of purines.
Your doctor can help you find out whether you’re able to eat certain types of fish.
What else can people with IBD eat?
People with IBD can eat a variety of other foods.
They should eat:
What is the best fish to eat?
The best fish to eat depends on the type of fish and where you live.
For example, it may be best to eat:
- Alaskan pollock
Fruits and vegetables are also good choices to eat with fish.
It’s important to find out what types of fish are common in your area. This will help you avoid eating unhealthy types of fish.
You should also be aware of how much fish is in various dishes. Always check the amount of fish in a dish, especially if it’s a seafood dish.
For example, if you’re eating a seafood dish that has shrimp, you should pay close attention to the amount of fish.
Is shellfish good for people with IBD?
Some people with IBD may find that shellfish is a good source of protein.
People with IBD should avoid eating shellfish containing:
- Raw milk
- Raw eggs
- Raw meat or poultry
However, you can eat other types of shellfish, such as mussels and oysters, if you can eat them raw.
You should also avoid shellfish that contains high levels of mercury.
What is the best shellfish to eat?
The best shellfish to eat depends on the type of shellfish and where you live.
For example, it may be good to eat:
But if you’re eating those types of shellfish, you should always check the amount of purines in the seafood.
Is fermented fish good for people with IBD?
Fermented fish, such as kimchi, has been found to be beneficial for people with IBD.
It’s thought that this is because the nutrients from the fish are able to help boost the immune system.
There aren’t any studies that look specifically at the effects of kimchi on people with IBD, but this may be because this type of fermented food is often used as a condiment.
What about soy?
Soy has been found to be beneficial for people with IBD.
It may help reduce inflammation and improve the symptoms of IBD.
However, it’s important to check the amount of purines in soy to determine whether it’s a good food for you.
For example, if you’re eating a dish containing soy, you should check the purine levels.
Is there anything else you should avoid?
In general, you should avoid:
- Fast food
- Fried foods
- Highly processed foods
- Caffeinated drinks
- Junk food
- Canned meats
- Cured meats
- Spicy foods
Keep in mind that the purine content of some foods may not be high enough to cause IBD.
- Nuts and seeds
- Tomato paste
If you’re concerned you may be eating foods that contain a high amount of purines, speak to your doctor.
What is the best diet for people with IBD?
The best diet for people with IBD is one that’s low in purines and high in fiber.
Your diet should also include:
- Fruits and vegetables
- Whole grains
- Dairy products
- Healthy fats
- Lean meat
While it’s best to eat foods that contain few purines, eating fish is generally safe. You may be able to eat tilapia if you follow a few tips:
- If you have a fish allergy, you should avoid eating tilapia.
If you’re concerned about fish, you can try eating other types of fish that have less purines, such as:
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