Plasma donation is thought to lower the immune system’s ability to fight off infections. This is because the donor plasma contains antibodies that work to prevent the immune system from attacking the donor cells.
Researchers don’t know how long this effect lasts after the donation. For most people, the antibodies disappear within a few months.
How much does it cost?
The cost of plasma donation varies depending on where you live and the type of plasma that you’re donating.
According to the American Red Cross, the average cost for plasma donation is $1,000.
The cost also varies depending on the amount of plasma that you’re donating. For instance, it may cost more to donate a pint of plasma than it does to donate a whole blood donation.
According to the American Society of Blood Bank Professionals, the average cost for a pint of plasma is $8,000.
If you’re donating a whole blood donation, the average cost is $13,000.
Plasma donation vs. blood donation
Like blood donation, plasma donation is a blood donation. However, there are some key differences between blood donation and plasma donation.
First, blood donation is often a life-saving procedure. Plasma donation isn’t.
Plasma is a byproduct of blood production. Blood is a living body tissue that’s composed of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.
Plasma is the fluid that’s between the red blood cells and the white blood cells. It’s made by removing the blood plasma from the red blood cells.
Plasma donation is sometimes necessary if a person is unable to donate blood because of a condition, such as anemia.
Plasma donation can also be a lifesaving procedure if a person has a blood disorder such as sickle cell disease.
Second, blood donation is an outpatient procedure. Plasma donation is an emergency procedure.
Third, blood donation is often associated with a good experience. Plasma donation is less common.
Finally, blood donation can take place at a hospital. Plasma donation cannot.
Are there risks?
Plasma donation is a blood donation. Like all blood donations, there are some risks associated with plasma donation.
Blood donation has some risks, such as:
- An allergic reaction to the needle
- Fainting or fainting due to low blood pressure
- An infection
However, all blood donations carry some risk. Blood transfusions carry higher risks.
Blood transfusions, which are necessary for serious medical conditions, have higher risks than plasma donation.
The risks of a blood transfusion include:
- A reaction to the transfused blood
- A reaction to the anesthesia
- Allergic reaction
Plasma donation carries very little risk of a medical emergency. There can be some minor risks if you’re having an allergic reaction to the plasma, such as:
- Allergic reaction to the plasma
- Allergic reaction to the donor
- Allergic reaction to the needle
- Severe anaphylaxis
- Severe allergic reaction
- Severe reaction to the anesthesia
How to prepare?
If you’re considering plasma donation, talk to your doctor. They can explain any concerns you have and help you decide if this is the right procedure for you.
You may need to stop taking certain medications before your donation. This includes:
- Blood thinners
- Birth control pills
- Hormone replacement therapy
- Heart medications
You should also avoid eating or drinking before your donation. You may need to fast for several hours before your donation.
Your doctor may also ask you to have a physical examination before your donation. This is to ensure that your body is healthy enough to donate plasma.
What to expect?
Plasma donation doesn’t require any special preparation. Most people only need to stop eating and drinking for a few hours before the procedure.
You can donate plasma the same day as your donation. However, you can increase your chances of success by having the procedure done in the morning.
According to the American Red Cross, you may be able to donate plasma in the morning or the evening.
Plasma donation doesn’t require any anesthesia.
You’ll receive an intravenous (IV) line. This is a thin plastic tube that’s inserted into a vein. Once the line is in place, you’ll be able to see the needle.
You’ll be awake during the procedure. However, you’ll receive a sedative to make you drowsy.
Plasma donation requires blood from your arm. You’ll be standing or sitting in an examination room.
You’ll be able to see and hear the procedure. Your doctor may ask you to move around so they can see your veins.
Your doctor may also ask you to get up frequently to check the vein. They may also ask you to lie down and cough to get blood.
You’ll be able to leave the room when the procedure is finished.
After the procedure
The doctor will send you to a recovery area. Your blood will be tested for anemia. If it’s needed, you’ll receive blood transfusions.
Plasma donation is an emergency procedure. You’ll receive supportive care in the recovery room.
Your doctor will be able to monitor your vital signs. These include your:
- Heart rate
- Breathing rate
- Blood pressure
You should expect to stay in the hospital for one to two days.
Recovery is generally quick. You’ll find out how long you have to stay in the hospital when you’re discharged.
You’ll also have an appointment with your doctor to discuss any complications that may have been related to your plasma donation.
What are the benefits?
Plasma donation has many potential benefits. However, it’s not a replacement for blood.
Plasma is a fluid that’s made from the blood plasma. Plasma contains many of the same proteins and hormones as blood.
Your doctor may ask you to stop taking certain medications before your plasma donation.
Plasma donation can be an emergency procedure. It’s usually done at a hospital.
Images by Freepik
Generated by AI