Tonsillitis is a bacterial infection that can affect your tonsils. It can cause white spots to appear on your tonsils, or it can cause tonsils to turn red and inflamed.
Tonsillitis is very common. It usually affects people aged 10 to 30. It’s more common in children and teens. It can be caused by a virus or bacteria.
It can be a symptom of a bacterial infection. You’ll need to see your doctor if you notice white spots on your tonsils along with other symptoms.
If you have tonsillitis, you may also experience other symptoms, including:
- Body aches
- Swollen glands
White spots on tonsils may look like a white film or a white patch. These spots are more likely to have an air bubble in them.
White spots on tonsils may also have an outer layer of clear debris. This debris is called mucus.
Symptoms of tonsillitis may improve after a few days. If the infection doesn’t clear up, it may lead to other infections.
Strep throat is an infection caused by bacteria. It’s the most common bacterial infection in the United States.
Strep throat is usually caused by streptococcus bacteria. It’s contagious and can spread from person to person through close contact.
Strep throat is more likely to affect children and teens. It can also affect people of all ages.
Symptoms of strep throat may include:
- A sore throat
- White or yellow patches on the tonsils
- Red, swollen tonsils
- A fever
Strep throat symptoms are often worse at night. They can last for up to three days.
Strep throat can be caused by a virus. It can also be caused by bacteria.
In some cases, you may need to wear a mask to avoid spreading the infection. You should wear a mask to prevent the spread of the bacteria.
Treatment for strep throat
Treatment for strep throat will depend on the cause of your symptoms. Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to treat strep throat.
Treatment may also include:
- Pain relievers for the pain and swelling
- Antibiotics to kill the bacteria
- Antihistamines to reduce the swelling and redness
- Decongestants to reduce the swelling
Viral bronchitis is an infection that’s caused by the viruses that cause the common cold.
Viral bronchitis is more common in children. It can also affect adults. It can be caused by rhinoviruses and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).
Viral bronchitis can cause:
- Shortness of breath
Viral bronchitis is more likely to affect children and adults. It can also cause other symptoms, such as:
- Sore throat
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Coughing up blood
Viral bronchitis can be caused by a virus that’s spread through contact with infected droplets in the air. It can also be caused by a bacteria.
Symptoms of viral bronchitis may include:
- A cough that’s often wet and phlegmy
- Coughing up yellow or green or gray mucus
- A sore or scratchy throat
Viral bronchitis can be treated with:
- Antibiotics for the infection
- An antiviral medication to reduce the cough
The cause of viral bronchitis isn’t always known.
Treatment for viral bronchitis may also include:
- Pain relievers
Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach lining. It can occur if there’s inflammation in the stomach or the stomach is injured.
Gastritis is more common in people who have a chronic disease. It’s more common in people who have a history of stomach ulcers, such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease.
Symptoms of gastritis include:
- Pain or discomfort in the upper abdomen
- Stomach pain or cramps
Gastritis is usually caused by stomach acid coming back up into the stomach. It’s more likely to affect adults.
Gastritis may be caused by a virus or bacteria. Gastritis can also be caused by:
- H. pylori bacteria
- Peptic ulcers
Gastritis isn’t always treatable. If it’s caused by an injury or chronic disease, treatment can help relieve symptoms.
Treatment for gastritis depends on the cause. It may include:
- Antibiotics to treat the infection
- Antidiarrheal medication
- Anti-nausea medication
- Gastric acid blockers
Gastritis can be caused by a virus, bacteria, or a toxin.
Gastritis can also be caused by the reaction of the body to a food or medication.
Viral gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach lining. It’s caused by a virus.
Viral gastritis is more common in adults. It’s also more common in people who have a history of stomach ulcers.
Viral gastritis is usually caused by a virus that’s passed through saliva. It can also be caused by bacteria.
Symptoms of viral gastritis may include:
- A high fever
- Stomach pain
- A lump in the stomach
- A loss of appetite
Viral gastritis can be caused by a virus that’s spread through close contact. It can also be caused by a bacteria.
Treatment for viral gastritis depends on the cause. It may include:
- Antibiotics to treat the illness
- Anti-nausea medications
- Anti-diarrheal medications
Gastritis is usually caused by a stomach injury.
Gastritis can be caused by a virus or bacteria. It can also be caused by:
- H. pylori
- Gastric acid
- Excessive drinking
Gastritis can be treated with:
- Antibiotics to treat the condition
- Antacids for the symptoms
- Antidepressants to treat the symptoms
The bottom line
Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach lining. It’s more common in adults.
It can be caused by a virus or bacteria. It can also be caused by a reaction of the body to a food or medication.
Most of the time, gastritis is caused by a virus. Gastritis can be caused by the following:
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