Symbol of depression

The word “depression” is often used synonymously with “anxiety,” but it’s important to distinguish between the two.

Anxiety is a natural response to stress, but it’s a symptom of stress. Anxiety is sometimes called “the body’s natural reaction to danger.”

Depression is a psychological disorder that can affect just about every aspect of your life. It’s caused by a loss of hope, a sense of helplessness, and a feeling of sadness.

Depression is different from normal sadness. It’s caused by a combination of biological and psychological factors, so it can be persistent.

A mood disorder can also be marked by anger and irritability.

Symptoms of depression

There are several types of depression, but the most common are:

  • Major depression: This is a persistent depressive episode that lasts for at least 2 weeks.
  • Dysthymia: This is a chronic, milder form of depression characterized by persistent feelings of sadness and low mood.
  • Bipolar disorder: This is a mental health condition that causes extreme changes in mood and behavior.

If you have depression, you may find it difficult to function normally. You may also have symptoms of other mental health problems such as anxiety, eating disorders, or substance abuse.

How can you tell if you have depression?

The symptoms of depression can leave you feeling helpless and hopeless. You may not be able to enjoy things that you once did.

If you feel as though you can’t control your life or think negatively about yourself, you may have depression.

Anxiety and depression often go together because they’re both forms of stress.

Other symptoms of depression

Depression can also have a negative impact on your relationships. You may find it difficult to trust others, or you may feel unable to open up to them. You may also have increased feelings of anger and irritability.

What causes depression?

There are a number of different causes of depression. Genetic factors, past trauma, and past or present stress are among the most common.

Other risk factors include:

  • Family history
  • Early childhood trauma
  • A history of depression
  • Past drug or alcohol use
  • Poor quality of life
  • Early age of onset of depression
  • Being female and/or a person of color
  • Having a chronic disorder, such as bipolar disorder
  • An illness
  • Having a serious illness
  • A history of suicide attempts
  • Having a family history of anxiety, bipolar disorder, or another mental health condition

How is depression diagnosed?

There are a number of different ways to diagnose depression. Your doctor will ask you about your symptoms, and they may ask about your family history.

They’ll also ask you about your daily activities, such as what you do for a living and how well you feel after doing those things.

They may also ask you about your relationships with family members and friends.

They may also ask you about your current symptoms and how they affect your life.

How is depression treated?

There are a variety of different treatments for depression.

Talk therapy

Talk therapy may be one of the most effective ways to treat depression. Your therapist will help you identify the things that are triggering your feelings of depression and help you develop strategies to cope with them.

The best approach to treatment depends on your symptoms, your willingness to try new things, and the severity of your depression.


If the symptoms of depression are caused by a substance use disorder, your doctor may prescribe medication to help manage them.

You may also need to discuss the use of antidepressants with your doctor.


Psychotherapy (talk therapy) and talk therapy medication are two types of therapy that your doctor may recommend.

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a type of talk therapy that may help you change how you think and feel about depression.

Your therapist will help you better understand the link between your thoughts and feelings and how they affect your life. They may also help you develop strategies for dealing with depression.


Mindfulness and meditation are two types of meditation that may help improve your mood.

Some types of meditation may also help you learn to cope with stress and anxiety.

What’s the outlook for depression?

Depression is a serious condition that can have a negative impact on your life.

Seeking help from a mental health professional can be an important step toward finding a treatment plan that works for you.

There are many different ways to treat depression. Your symptoms, lifestyle, and other factors are unique to you, so it’s important to talk with your doctor about your options.

While there are many different types of treatment for depression, it’s also important to remember that there’s no one-size-fits-all plan. The treatment you receive depends on your symptoms, other mental health conditions, and your willingness to try new things.

It’s also important to remember that depression is a treatable condition.

If you’re feeling depressed, it’s important to get help. It can be a challenging time, but it’s possible to overcome this condition.

With the right treatment plan, depression can be managed and can become less severe.

Where to find help for depression?

If you’re experiencing depression, it’s important to talk with your doctor and to consider talking to a therapist. There are different types of therapy, including talk therapy and talk therapy medication.

If you have depression, it may be helpful to talk with a support group. There are also websites, such as Depression World, that have lists of local support groups in your area.

You can also find resources using the National Institute of Mental Health’s Depression Information Bureau.

You can also find support groups that are specific to your race and gender.


If you feel depressed, you’re not alone. Depression is a common and treatable condition.

Talk with your doctor if you think you might have depression, and find a therapist to help you find the treatment plan that works for you

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