For a small number of people at least, this is the case. When your callus is too long, it interferes with your ability to walk comfortably.
To treat this, your doctor may recommend trimming the callus. To do this, they’ll take a small, thin blade and cut it away from the skin.
They may also recommend putting a topical anesthetic on the callus to reduce sensitivity.
This is a painful swelling that can develop under the gums. It usually begins as a tooth abscess.
When it forms in your gums, it’s called a periapical abscess. The swelling may feel like a small, red bump. It can cause pain and affect your ability to eat and chew.
There are a few different ways to treat this. Your doctor can remove the tooth that’s causing the abscess. They may also refer you to a dentist for a root canal.
If you have a periapical abscess, you may need antibiotics to treat it.
If you break a bone, this can cause a lot of pain.
Sudden bone fractures often occur as a result of falls.
Your doctor may recommend taking simple pain relief measures to prevent bone fractures. They may also refer you to a dentist to fix the broken bone.
If you break a bone while playing sports, your doctor may recommend that you take extra precautions to prevent future fractures.
How to get rid of a callus?
If your doctor has identified a potential cause of your callus, they may recommend some treatment options.
You can try some of the following home treatments:
- Apply a topical anesthetic to the area to reduce pain.
- Use a hot towel to break up the callus.
- Use a toothbrush and a pumice stone to break up the dead skin.
- Use a soft toothbrush to gently scrape the callus away from the tooth.
- Wrap a cold compress around the area.
You can also try some over-the-counter (OTC) treatments:
- OTC pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen.
- OTC creams.
- OTC antiseptic mouthwash.
If these don’t work, you may need to see your doctor.
Your doctor may recommend some of the following to treat the callus:
- Corticosteroid injections.
- Fractionated freeze-drying.
- Laser therapy.
- Surgery to remove the dead tissue.
What are the other causes of calluses?
Calluses are different from the general condition known as hyperkeratosis. Hyperkeratosis is a condition that often occurs on the palms of your hands.
It causes thick, hard-to-remove skin. You may notice that your hands develop thick, rough-looking skin.
If you have a callus, you may have a different condition, such as:
- Skin cancer
- Lichen planus
- Dry skin
- Atopic dermatitis
How to prevent calluses?
You can take steps to prevent calluses. The following methods may help:
- Cut down on your alcohol intake. This will help prevent dry skin.
- Use moisturizers. This can help prevent dry skin.
- Wear loose-fitting clothes. This will prevent skin from rubbing together.
- Avoid using harsh cleansers. This can increase the likelihood of calluses.
- Use antiperspirants. This can help keep your skin moist.
When to see your doctor?
If you have a callus that doesn’t go away, talk to your doctor. They may suggest some treatment options.
You may also consider seeing your doctor if you have:
- A tooth abscess.
- A broken bone.
- A periapical abscess.
Your doctor will diagnose the condition and recommend treatment options.
What is the bottom line?
Calluses are hard, thick skin that forms under the skin. They’re often caused by friction and pressure.
They can affect the skin of your hands and feet.
They’re not usually harmful. In most cases, they disappear on their own.
However, if you develop a callus that’s painful or doesn’t go away, you should see your doctor. They can help diagnose the cause of your callus. They may prescribe treatment options.
If your callus is severe or is causing you pain, you may need surgery.
If your callus is affecting your ability to eat or chew, it may need to be removed.
You should also see your doctor if you have any of the symptoms below.
- Physical exam
- Blood tests
- CT scan
- MRI scan
Outcome & next steps
If you have concerns about a callus, talk to your doctor. They can help diagnose the cause of your callus.
You can have your callus removed if it’s causing you pain or if it’s affecting your ability to eat or chew.
What to expect from your doctor?
Your doctor will begin by asking you some questions. They may also perform a physical exam.
Your doctor may recommend some tests to help diagnose your condition.
Depending on your symptoms, your doctor may refer you to a specialist.
They may also prescribe medications. These can help control the symptoms of your condition.
What you can do now?
If you’ve noticed a callus that’s causing you pain or that doesn’t go away, talk to your doctor.
They can help diagnose the cause of your calluses. They can also help recommend treatment options.
You can also try some of these home remedies to help ease your symptoms.
If these don’t work or if your callus is affecting you in other ways, you should see your doctor. They can help diagnose the cause of your calluses. They can also prescribe treatment options.
If you want to remove the callus, your doctor may recommend surgery.
Your doctor may also suggest you have it removed if it’s causing you pain or if it’s affecting your ability to eat or chew. This is called a surgical removal.
Foot problems can affect a variety of parts of your body. See your doctor if you’ve had any changes to your foot, especially if you’ve noticed any new symptoms.
As well as a physical exam, your doctor may recommend a series of tests.
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