What is Head and neck cancer?

Head and neck cancer is cancer that begins in the cells of the head or neck area. These cells are called head or neck squamous cells. Head and neck cancers are often named for the part of the body where they begin.

Some head and neck cancers are cancer that begins at the base of the tongue. Other cancers begin in the salivary glands or the vocal cords.

What is the most common type of head and neck cancer?

The most common type of head and neck cancer is called oropharyngeal cancer. This cancer begins in the throat or mouth. It can also begin in the tonsils, larynx, or sinuses.

Other cancers that can start in the head and throat area are skin, larynx, salivary gland, and base of tongue cancers.

How is head and throat cancer diagnosed?

Doctors diagnose head and throat cancer by looking at the cells in the mouth, nose, throat, and larynx by looking at a tissue sample. This is called a biopsy of the cancer. This sample is sent to a lab where it is tested for cancer.

The doctor also looks at the biopsy to see if the cancer is invading nearby tissues. If the cancer is invading nearby tissues, the doctor will usually recommend a biopsy to look for more details.

How is head and throat cancer treated?

Treatment for head and throat cancer depends on how many cancer cells are found in the biopsy. Most head and throat cancers are treated with surgery to remove the cancer.

For some head and mouth cancers, radiation therapy may be used. For others, chemotherapy may be used.

What is the treatment for head and mouth cancer?

Surgery. The surgeon removes the cancer from the head and mouth area through an incision or through a small cut in the skin.

Radiation Therapy. This is treatment that uses high-energy x-rays or other types of radiation to kill cancer cells.

Chemotherapy. This is treatment that uses drugs to kill cancer cells.

If the cancer is small, the doctor may recommend watchful waiting. This is a type of treatment with regular check ups. But the doctor will not recommend this if the cancer is large.

What are the different types of head and nose cancer?

Some types of head and nose cancers include:

  • Nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer
  • Nasopharyngeal cancer
  • Nasal and paranasal sinus cancer
  • Nasal, paranasal, and parotid gland cancers
  • Nasal, paranasal, and oropharyngeal cancers
  • Nasal, paranasal, and oral cavity cancers
  • Nasal and laryngeal cancers
  • Thyroid cancer
  • Parathyroid cancer
  • Basal cell skin cancer
  • Melanoma skin cancer
  • Squamous cell skin cancer
  • Melanoma of the skin
  • Sarcoma of the head and face
  • Osteosarcoma of the head and face
  • Chondrosarcoma of the head and face
  • Ewing’s sarcoma of the head and face
  • Head and face cancers
  • Medulloblastoma of the head and face

Can head and nose cancer be prevented?

There are some things you can do to lower your risk of head and nose cancer. Some risk factors include:

  • Being a man
  • Being an older adult
  • Having certain inherited genetic conditions
  • Being exposed to secondhand cigarette smoke

Other risk factors are not known.

How can I help prevent head and nose cancer?

If you are at risk for head and nasal cancer, you can take steps to help prevent head and nasal cancer.

For example, you can help protect yourself from secondhand smoke.

You can also:

  • Avoid using tobacco products, including cigarette smoking
  • Avoid using smokeless tobacco products, such as snuff or dip
  • Stop using a personal computer or other devices that have the same exposure to secondhand smoke

Head and Nose Surgery

The head and the nose are two parts of the face that work together to protect the airway. They are also two of the most complex parts of the face.

The head and the nose are supported by the skull and the face. The skull is the hard and protective covering of the brain and spinal cord. The face is made up of bones, muscles, and tissues that help protect the airway.

What is surgery for head and nasal cancer?

Surgery is needed to remove head and nasal cancer. A surgeon can remove the cancer by removing it through a cut or through the skin.

The surgeon can also remove the lymph nodes that are close to the cancer.

Most head and nasal cancers are treated with surgery.

What are the different types of surgery for head and sinuses cancer?

Surgery is needed to remove head and sinus cancer.

The surgeon can remove the cancer by removing it through a cut or through the skin.

Final thoughts

Head and face cancer is a type of cancer that is found in the face.

Most head and face cancers are squamous cell cancers. Squamous cell cancers are cancers that start in the squamous cells of the skin. They are often named for the part of the face where the cancer begins.

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