What is High cholesterol?

High cholesterol is a condition in which the blood vessels (arteries) to the heart and other organs are damaged or blocked. This can lead to chest pain, heart attack, stroke, and other serious problems.

High cholesterol is a risk factor for heart disease. It is estimated that 7.5% Of Americans have high cholesterol.

What is low cholesterol?

Low cholesterol is a condition in which the blood vessels to the heart and other organs are damaged or blocked, but not enough cholesterol is made to make up for the amount that is lost.

What is high blood pressure?

High blood pressure is a condition in which the blood vessels to the heart and other organs are blocked or damaged and more pressure is needed to move blood through the body.

What is a heart attack?

A heart attack is a condition in which a blood clot blocks the flow of blood to the heart muscle, causing damage to the heart muscle.

What is an aortic aneurysm?

An aneurysm is a bulge that forms in the wall of an artery. Aneurysms can be found in the arteries of the heart, the abdominal aorta, and the major blood vessels of the head and neck.

What is a stroke?

A stroke is a condition in which blood flow to the brain is blocked or severely reduced, causing damage to the brain.

What is an aneurysm?

Aneurysms are bulges that form in the wall of an artery. When an aneurysm ruptures, it’s known as an aneurysm rupture.

What is a heart murmur?

A heart murmur is an abnormal sound made by the heart as it beats. There are many different types of heart murmurs, and each type has its own cause.

What is a heart murmur during pregnancy?

Heart murmurs during pregnancy are generally harmless. However, they can be caused by anemia, an infection, or a blood clot. They’re also caused by abnormal heartbeats.

What are the risk factors for heart disease?

Certain risk factors increase the chance of developing heart disease. Risk factors for heart disease include:

  • Smoking
  • High cholesterol
  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Age
  • A family history of heart disease
  • Obesity
  • Certain ethnic groups

What is a healthy weight?

A healthy weight is one that puts less stress on the heart and blood vessels. The American Heart Association recommends that adults maintain a healthy weight.

What are the causes of high blood pressure?

High blood pressure occurs when the pressure of blood in the arteries is too high. This can damage the blood vessels, leading to heart disease, stroke, and peripheral artery disease. The primary causes of high blood pressure include:

What is an atrial fibrillation?

Atrial fibrillation is a heart rhythm disorder in which the upper chambers of the heart, called the atria, quiver instead of beating effectively.

What is a silent heart attack?

A silent heart attack is one that you may not have symptoms of. It’s also known as an asymptomatic heart attack.

What is a heart valve disease?

A heart valve disease is a condition in the heart that causes the heart to not work properly.

What is a heart valve problem?

A heart valve problem is a condition in the heart that causes the heart to not work properly.

What is a chest pain?

Chest pain is a discomfort in the chest area. The discomfort may be sharp, burning, or like a heart attack.

What is a pulmonary embolism?

A pulmonary embolism (PE) is when a blood clot forms and travels to the lung arteries. PE is a life-threatening condition, and it needs immediate medical attention.

What is a myocardial infarction?

A myocardial infarction (MI) is a heart attack that causes a large section of the heart to die.

What is a chest X-ray?

A chest X-ray is an imaging test that uses invisible electromagnetic energy beams to produce images of internal tissues, bones, and organs onto film.

What is a stress test?

A stress test is a medical test that shows how your heart responds to physical or mental stress.

What is a TTE?

Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is an ultrasound test that uses sound waves to produce images of the heart.

What is an electrocardiogram (EKG)?

An electrocardiogram (EKG) is a test that records the electrical activity of the heart.

What is a Holter monitor?

A Holter monitor is a portable device that continuously displays a graph of heart activity, similar to an EKG.

What is a stress echocardiogram?

A stress echocardiogram is an imaging study that shows how your heart responds to physical or mental stress.

What is an echo?

Echocardiography is a procedure that uses ultrasound to produce images of the heart. It is a widely used test that provides important information about the structure and function of the heart.

What is a cardiac catherization?

Cardiac catheterization is a procedure that uses a long, narrow tube called a catheter, with a small, lighted camera, called a transducer, on the end, to reach the heart and examine its structure and function.

What is a cardiac catheterization?

Cardiac catheterization is an invasive procedure that uses a long, narrow tube called a catheter, with a small, lighted camera, called a transducer, on the end, to reach the heart and examine its structure and function.

What is a cardiac MRI?

A cardiac MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) is a test that uses a powerful magnet, radio waves, and a computer to produce detailed images of the heart.

What is an echocardiogram?

An echocardiogram is an imaging study that uses sound waves to produce images of the heart.

What is an angiogram?

An angiogram is an imaging test that is performed to examine the blood vessels (arteries). An angiogram is also called an angiography.

Over to you

You’ve just learned the basics about heart disease. Now it’s time to learn about the causes of heart disease.

Heart disease is a condition in the heart that can cause chest pain, heart attack, stroke, or other serious health problems. The condition can be caused by high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, or other factors.

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