Month: March 2022

What is Hairy cell leukaemia?

Hairy cell leukaemia (HCL) is a rare blood cancer that affects the mature cells of the bone marrow. It causes an abnormal build-up of white blood cells (leukaemia cells) in the blood. The condition can lead to: Bleeding problems Infections Fatigue (lack of energy) Infections of the bones (osteomyelitis) What causes hairy cell leukaemia? Hairy …

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What is Haemorrhoids?

Haemorrhoids are common and can occur in any part of the body. The rectum is the first part of the digestive system. When the rectum is swollen, it can cause pain in the lower abdomen. The veins around the anus are called the hemorrhoidal veins. They can swell up in some people due to a …

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What is Gum disease?

Gum disease is an infection of the mouth and gums that causes inflammation and destroys the tissues. The infection can affect all areas of the mouth including the gums, teeth, and bone. Gum disease or gingivitis is the most common form of periodontal disease. What are the symptoms of gum disease? Red, swollen, or tender …

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What is Gout?

Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis that is most common in men, usually aged between 30 and 50 years old. Gout is also more common in Caucasians than in other racial groups. Gout is caused by the deposition of uric acid crystals in the joints. Uric acid is a waste product that results from …

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What is Germ cell tumours?

Germ cell tumours are a type of cancer that starts in the cells that make up the testicles. The two main types of germ cell tumours are teratomas and yolk sac tumours (also known as endodermal sinus tumours). Teratomas are fast-growing tumours and are most common in newborn babies. Yolk sac tumours are slow-growing and …

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What is Genital warts?

Human papilloma virus (HPV) has caused genital warts to develop since the early part of the 20th century. In the late 1980s, the human papillomavirus was identified as the cause of these warts. In the United States, the majority of people diagnosed with genital warts are men who have sex with men, with the virus …

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What is Genital herpes?

Herpes is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI). The herpes simplex virus (HSV) is the cause of genital herpes. Herpes can be transmitted through direct contact with the skin or an infected person’s skin or fluid. It can also be transmitted by sharing needles or other drug equipment. According to the Centers for Disease Control …

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What is Gastroenteritis?

Gastroenteritis (GE) is an inflammation of the digestive system that causes symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. The most common causes of gastroenteritis are norovirus, rotavirus, and adenovirus. Read on to learn more about gastritis, gastritis symptoms, and what causes gastritis. What Is Gastritis? Gastritis is a disease that causes inflammation of the …

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What is Flatulence?

Flatulence is the passing of gas through the rectum, also known as bowel gas. The gas passes into the colon, where it can be removed by the body through normal bowel movements. People with IBS sometimes experience flatulence because of the stress of living with symptoms. Most people with IBS can manage their symptoms on …

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