What is Urticaria (hives)?

Urticaria is a common skin condition that causes small, round or oval welts to appear on the skin. These welts are red or pink in colour and typically occur in clusters.

Urticaria can also cause itchy skin.

Urticaria is not contagious.

Urticaria is not painful or harmful.

Urticaria is not a serious condition.

What causes Urticaria (hives)

Urticaria is caused by an over-reaction of the immune system. This means that the body’s immune system attacks the skin cells due to an over-reaction to an allergen or an infection.

Causes of Urticaria

There are many causes of Urticaria. It is not contagious.

There are many causes of Urticaria.

Common causes of Urticaria include:

  • Food intolerances
  • Foods
  • Medications
  • Insect bites and stings
  • Allergies
  • Stress
  • Irritants
  • Sun exposure
  • Physical activity
  • Hormonal changes
  • Cold weather
  • Weather

Diagnosing Urticaria (hives)

A doctor will usually diagnose Urticaria based on your medical history, a physical examination and a skin examination.

Your doctor may also ask you to keep a diary of your symptoms. This is called a’skin diary’.

Your doctor may also want to test your skin for allergies. This is called a skin prick test.

Your doctor may also recommend blood tests to identify any infections or other underlying causes that may be causing your Urticaria.

Treating Urticaria

Treatment for Urticaria depends on the underlying cause of the condition.

Treatment for Urticaria

There is no cure for Urticaria. However, there are things you can do to help reduce the number of hives you get and the severity of the hives.

  • Avoiding known triggers
  • Taking antihistamines
  • Avoiding other triggers
  • Changing your clothes
  • Using a cool compress or ice pack
  • Using a steroid cream or lotion
  • Using a topical corticosteroid cream or ointment
  • Avoiding sun exposure

How to prevent Urticaria (hives)

There are a number of things you can do to help prevent Urticaria. These include:

Wash your hands frequently

  • Using a hand sanitiser
  • Avoiding touching your nose, mouth or eyes
  • Avoiding touching your face

Medications for Urticaria

There are a number of medications that can be used to treat Urticaria. These include:

  • Antihistamines, such as Benadryl
  • Corticosteroid creams, ointments and gels
  • Topical immunotherapy, which is a treatment that involves applying a cream or ointment to the skin to reduce the number of hives you get

Your doctor will recommend the best treatment option to help you feel better.

What is the long-term outlook?

Urticaria is usually not a serious condition. However, it can be a symptom of other conditions.

Long-term outlook for Urticaria

Urticaria is not a serious condition. It is usually not a life-threatening condition.

However, if you have a history of allergies, your hives may be caused by an allergy rather than a condition.

In this case, your hives may be caused by an allergy to a food or medication. If you have a history of allergies, it is important that you speak to your doctor about all the potential triggers for your hives.

If your hives are caused by a condition, your chances of developing another condition are higher.

In most cases, Urticaria clears up on its own.

However, if you have a history of hives or if you have another condition that causes hives, you may need to take medication to help you feel better.

Complications

It is not possible to prevent the following complications from happening:

  • Hives from another cause
  • A skin infection
  • Rash from an allergic reaction

In rare cases, urticaria may be a symptom of an underlying condition.

In this case, it is important that you contact your doctor to discuss the possibility of an underlying condition.

You should also contact your doctor if you are having any side effects from taking the medication to treat your Urticaria.

How to treat a severe allergic reaction from Urticaria?

In the rare cases where Urticaria is a symptom of an underlying condition, you may need urgent medical care.

If you have a severe allergic reaction to Urticaria, you may need immediate medical care.

If you think you have a severe allergic reaction to Urticaria, call your doctor.

Your doctor will be able to treat you. They will be able to treat the Urticaria.

How long does Urticaria last?

The duration of Urticaria varies from person to person.

Most cases of Urticaria are not serious. In most cases, the condition will clear up on its own.

However, if you have a history of allergic conditions, your hives may be caused by an allergy rather than a condition.

Bottom line

Urticaria is the name for small, round or oval welts that appear on the skin. These welts can be red or pink in colour and typically occur in clusters.

Urticaria is most often caused by an allergic reaction to food or an allergen.

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