Vomiting is the vomiting of fluid. It is a reflex that occurs when the stomach is empty. This usually happens when the person is exposed to food or drink that is high in fat and high in sugar.
Vomiting can also occur from a reaction to an irritant or toxin.
What are the symptoms of vomiting in adults?
Vomiting can cause the following symptoms:
- Throwing up
- Stomach pain or discomfort
- Abdominal cramping
- Vomiting blood
- Bloody or black vomit
- Vomit that is green or yellow
- Vomit that looks like coffee grounds
What causes vomiting in adults?
The following causes can cause vomiting:
- Drinking too much alcohol
- Eating too much food or drink
- Taking certain medications
- Eating or drinking too quickly
- The use of an illicit drug
- Low blood sugar
- A stomach virus
- A lack of sleep
- Being sick
How is vomiting in adults diagnosed?
There are many possible causes of vomiting. Your doctor can determine the cause of your vomiting.
Your doctor will ask about your health history, including any symptoms you have had that might be related to your vomiting. They may also ask about your symptoms while you vomit.
Your doctor will examine your abdomen. They will look for swelling of the liver or gallbladder, which can indicate liver or gallbladder disease. They will also check for swelling of the stomach or intestines.
Your doctor may also use a stethoscope to listen to your abdomen.
How is vomiting in adults treated?
Treatment for vomiting in adults will depend on the cause of the vomiting. Treatment may include:
- Drinking plenty of fluids
- Taking over-the-counter (OTC) medications for nausea
- Taking OTC medications for diarrhea
- Taking prescription medications for an upset stomach
Wearing loose clothing or a light coat over your stomach may help you retain more fluids.
If you have an infection, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics.
If you have a lack of sleep, you may need to take naps during the day.
If you are vomiting frequently, you may need to visit the emergency room.
When should I seek medical help for vomiting?
If you experience vomiting that lasts more than 24 hours, or vomiting blood, you should see a doctor.
You should also seek medical attention if you are vomiting blood, or you have not eaten for more than 24 hours. This can be a symptom of a more serious condition.
What is the outlook for adults with vomiting?
Vomiting in adults is a common problem. It is usually not serious, but it can sometimes be a sign of a more serious problem.
The outlook for adults with vomiting depends on the underlying cause. If the cause is not serious, you should be able to recover with treatment.
Preventing vomiting in adults
There are some things you can do to prevent vomiting:
- Drink plenty of fluids, to avoid dehydration.
- Eat smaller meals throughout the day.
- Eat smaller meals more frequently throughout the day.
- Avoid drinking too much alcohol.
- Eat foods that keep you from throwing up, such as ginger, fatty foods, or foods high in fiber.
- Avoid eating or drinking too quickly.
- Avoid eating or drinking high in fat and sugar.
- Try to avoid using illicit drugs.
- Get enough sleep.
Seek emergency medical care if you are vomiting blood or you have not eaten for more than 24 hours.
When should I go to the hospital for vomiting?
You should go to the emergency room if you have vomiting that lasts more than 24 hours.
You should also go to the emergency room if you vomit blood or have not eaten for more than 24 hours. This could be a sign of a more serious problem.
How can I prevent vomiting in adults?
You can prevent vomiting by drinking plenty of fluids, eating smaller meals throughout the day, eating smaller meals more frequently throughout the day, and avoiding drinking too much alcohol.
If you eat too much or too quickly, you can prevent nausea by taking OTC medications for nausea.
You can also prevent vomiting by avoiding foods that keep you from throwing up, such as ginger, fatty foods, or foods high in fiber.
You can also prevent vomiting by avoiding using illicit drugs.
You can prevent dehydration in adults by drinking enough fluids.
Take steps to avoid stress.
There are ways to prevent stress that can cause vomiting in adults, such as:
- Going for a walk or doing some other exercise.
- Doing relaxation exercises.
- Taking a bath.
- Reading a book.
- Watching a movie.
- Taking a hot bath.
- Taking a hot shower.
When should I go to the emergency room for vomiting?
You should go to the emergency department if you have vomiting that lasts more than 24 hours.
You should also go to the hospital if you vomit blood or have not eaten for more that 24 hours. This can be a sign of a more serious problem.
The bottom line
Vomiting is a common problem that can be caused by many things. Most cases can be treated at home.
Vomiting can also be a sign of a more severe condition. If you have any symptoms of a more serious condition, you should seek emergency medical care
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