Warts are small, fleshy growths. They are caused by a viral infection. Usually, these growths are harmless. But if they are on the skin’s surface, they can be a cause for concern. They may need to be removed.
Verrucas are small, fleshy growths that may appear on the skin, but they are not caused by a virus. They are caused by a bacterial infection. They may be painful or cause itching.
What are the symptoms of warts and verrucas?
The symptoms of warts and verrucas vary widely, depending on their location and size.
How are warts and verrucas treated?
Most warts and verrucas are harmless. They can be removed by your doctor.
If the wart or verruca is painful, your doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory medication or an antibiotic to reduce the swelling. If the wart is causing skin irritation, your doctor may prescribe an ointment or cream to reduce the irritation.
In some cases, the wart or verruca may require a more aggressive treatment.
Can I treat warts and verrucas at home?
If your warts or verrucas are caused by a virus, they will likely clear up on their own.
If the virus is caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), your doctor may recommend that you treat the wart or verruca with a topical cream or gel containing a medicine called imiquimod. Imiquimod is a medicine that helps to stop the growth of the virus.
If the warts or verrucas are caused by a bacterial infection, your doctor may recommend that you apply a topical antibiotic. If you have a bacterial infection, your doctor may prescribe an oral antibiotic.
How can I prevent warts and verrucas?
You can’t prevent warts and verrucas. But you can take steps to avoid getting them.
- Never share personal items like a razor, nail clippers, or makeup.
- Wash your hands with soap and warm water often.
- Avoid touching your face, especially your mouth.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, or genitals.
- Avoid close contact with individuals who have warts or verrucas.
- Wear loose-fitting clothing.
When should I see my doctor?
If you don’t have warts or verrucas, you should see your doctor if you develop any of the following symptoms:
- Excessive sweating
- Joint pain
- Muscle aches
- Sore throat
How can I get rid of warts and verrucas?
There is no cure for warts and verrucas. But there are some ways to treat them.
The best treatment for warts and verrucas is usually over-the-counter (OTC) wart removers. These include salicylic acid, which is found in many over-the-counter wart removers.
If you have a wart on your hand or foot, your doctor may recommend a more aggressive treatment. This is known as cryotherapy.
Cryotherapy uses liquid nitrogen to freeze off the wart.
What is cryotherapy used for?
Cryotherapy is used to treat warts and verruca on the hands, feet, and lower legs. It is also used to treat certain kinds of skin cancers.
Cryotherapy is a freezing treatment used to treat warts. It is usually done in a doctor’s office. The wart is covered with a special dressing or ice pack. A local anesthetic is used to numb the area.
Cryotherapy can take several days to several weeks to work. It may cause a change in the wart’s color and size.
In some cases, the wart may reappear after cryotherapy.
Cryotherapy is also used to treat some types of skin cancer.
Cryotherapy can cause scarring. You may need a skin-colored or tattooed area to cover the scar.
What are the risks of cryotherapy?
Cryotherapy is a safe procedure. But it can cause redness, swelling, and bruising. It can also cause a change in the size and shape of the wart.
Cryotherapy can also cause a skin infection. If you have an open wound after the procedure, it may heal with a scar.
Cryotherapy is rarely done on the face. It is usually used on the hands or feet.
Cryotherapy is more likely to cause a scar on the face and body than other areas of the body. It’s also more likely to cause scarring on the face.
Your doctor will give you a treatment plan based on the size and location of the wart.
In some cases, cryotherapy is used for small warts. In these cases, a doctor will use the cryotherapy to freeze off the wart. They will then cover the wart with a bandage or dressing.
Cryotherapy is usually not used to treat large warts.
What other treatments are available for warts and verruca?
In some cases, your doctor may recommend a more aggressive treatment. This is known as cryosurgery. Cryosurgery is a freezing treatment used to treat large warts.
Cryosurgery is usually used if you have a large wart on your face, body, or genitals that is causing discomfort.
Cryosurgery can also be used to remove warts on the hands, feet, and lower legs. If you have a large wart on your face, body, or genitals, your doctor may recommend cryosurgery to remove a wart.
Cryosurgery is usually done in a doctor’s office. Your doctor will use a local anesthetic to numb your wart.
Cryosurgery must be done by a highly trained doctor. It causes a long-lasting change in the size and shape of the wart.
Cryosurgery is usually not done on the face or body.
How do I prepare for cryotherapy?
You may be given instructions on how to prepare for cryotherapy. However, if you have an open wound after cryotherapy, you may need to cover the wound with a skin-colored or tattooed area.
What happens during cryotherapy?
Cryotherapy is done in a doctor’s office. You will be given a local anesthetic to numb the area. You will also be given a special dressing or ice pack.
The bottom line
Warts and verrucas are caused by viruses, most commonly HPV. This infection can be treated with medicines.
Warts and verruca are harmless in most cases. They can be removed by your doctor. But they may need to be removed if they are causing pain or an irritation.
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